Prime Minister of New Zealand
The prime minister of New Zealand is the head of government of the country. By constitutional convention, the prime minister holds formal power to advise the sovereign. The position typically falls to an MP who is the parliamentary leader of the largest political party among those forming the government. The incumbent prime minister is Jacinda Ardern, who took office on 26 October 2017. She is the first female prime minister and the first woman to hold the post.
About Prime Minister of New Zealand in brief
The prime minister of New Zealand is the head of government of the country. The office exists by a long-established convention, which originated in New Zealand’s former colonial power, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The governor-general appoints a prime minister, like other ministerial positions, on behalf of the monarch. The position typically falls to an MP who is the parliamentary leader of the largest political party among those forming the government. The prime minister may lead a coalition government andor a minority government dependent on support from smaller parties during confidence-and-supply votes. By constitutional convention, the prime minister holds formal power to advise the sovereign. Since the introduction of the MMP electoral system, there has been an increased need for theprime minister to be able to negotiate and maintain relationships with parties, which places some constraints on their abilities. The incumbent prime minister is Jacinda Ardern, who took office on 26 October 2017. She is the first female prime minister and the first woman to hold the post. She has been in office for less than a year and a half, and is the third woman to be prime minister in the country’s history. Her predecessor, Bill English, was the first man in the post for more than 30 years. The title of prime minister has been used exclusively in English since 1907. In Māori, the title pirimia, meaning ‘premier’, continues to be used. New Zealand prime ministers are styled as ‘The Right Honourable’, a privilege they retain for life.
They are responsible for chairing meetings of Cabinet; allocating posts to ministers within the government; acting as the spokesperson for the government, and providing advice to the sovereign or the sovereign’s representative. They do hold the most senior decisions, but are also required to adhere to any decisions taken by the Cabinet, as per the Cabinet Manual. The actual ability of a prime Minister to give direct orders is largely limited; most of the position’s power comes about through other means, such as such as other means such as the election of a MMP. The convention stipulates that the governor- general must select as prime minister the person most likely to command the support, or confidence, of the House of Representatives. This individual is typically the parliamentaryLeader of the political party that holds the largest number of seats in that house. In practice, the position is typically held by an MP, who is a member of the party with the most seats in parliament. The PM holds office ‘during the pleasure of the Governor-General’, so theoretically, the governor can dismiss a prime prime minister at any time; however, convention heavily circumscribes the power to do so. The Prime Minister is also expected to take on additional portfolios, including revenue and revenue. The Cabinet Manual provides an outline of the Prime Minister’s powers and responsibilities. The New Zealand Constitution Act 1986 requires general elections every 3 years, this is the maximum period of time that a PM can serve without their mandate being renewed.