The United Kingdom consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The total area of the United Kingdom is 94,000 square miles. The country is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952.
About United Kingdom in brief
The United Kingdom consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The total area of the United Kingdom is 94,000 square miles. The United Kingdom has the world’s fifth-largest economy by nominal gross domestic product. It has a high-income economy and a very high human development index rating, ranking 15th in the world. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific, technological and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state and is sixth in military expenditure in the World. The union between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom. of Scotland in 1707 to form the. Kingdom of Great Britain, followed by the union in 1801 of. Great Britain with the Kingdom Of Ireland created the. United Kingdom of the Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the UK. The name was adopted in 1927 to reflect the change. The term ‘United Kingdom’ is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the whole of England and Wales. The word ‘UK’ is also used to refer to the twelve regions of Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales within the UK, as well as the UK as a whole. The U.K. is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the. G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Interpol and the World Trade Organization. It was a member. of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, from 1 January 1973 until withdrawing on 31 January 2020.
It was the first industrialised country and the world’s foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and political systems of many of its former colonies. At its height in the 1920s, the British Empire encompassed almost a quarter of the. world’s landmass and was the largest empire in history. The UK’s capital is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10. 3 million. Its capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. The nearby Isle of Man and Bailiwick of Guernsey are not part of UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. There are also 14 British Overseas Territories, the last remnants of the British empire which, at its height, encompassing almost a 25% of the landmass of the world, were the largest in the history of world politics. The country is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952. Although the UK is a sovereign country, the UK Prime Minister’s phrase also referred to the UK countries as countries is widely used to describe the 12 regions. Some statistical summaries, such as those for those for NUTS 1, refer to those for Scotland, NUTs 1, Wales, and Northern. Ireland as a combination of Scotland and Wales in England, or politically in Scotland and politically in Wales in Wales.