Calgary is a city in the western Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River. The city had a population of 1,285,711 in 2019, making it Alberta’s most-populous city. In 1988 it became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympics.
About Calgary, Alberta in brief
Calgary is a city in the western Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River. The city had a population of 1,285,711 in 2019, making it Alberta’s most-populous city. In 1988 it became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympic Games. Calgary’s economy includes activity in the energy, financial services, film and television, transportation and logistics, technology, manufacturing, aerospace, health and wellness, retail, and tourism sectors. The Calgary Metropolitan Region is home to Canada’s second-highest number of corporate head offices among the country’s 800 largest corporations. In 2015 Calgary had the highest number of millionaires per capita of any major Canadian city. Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Mull, Scotland, United Kingdom. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning ‘cold’ and ‘garden’ The indigenous peoples of Southern Alberta referred to the Calgary area as ‘elbow’, in reference to the sharp bend made by the Bow and Elbow rivers. In the Nakoda language, the area is known as Wincheesh-pah or Wenchi Ispase, both meaning \”elbow\”. In the Nehiyaw Language, the area was known as Otôskwanihk meaning ‘house at the elbow’ In the Tsuut’ina Language, the region is known Guts’ists’i meaning ‘elbow’ or ‘many horse town’.
There have been several attempts to revive the indigenous names of Calgary. In response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, local post-secondary institutions have adopted official acknowledgements of indigenous territory using the Blackfoot name of the City, Mohkínstsis. In 2017, the Stoney Nakoda sent an application to the Government of Alberta, to rename Calgary as Wichispa Oyade meaning “elbow town”. The area has been inhabited by the Niitsitapi, îyârhe Nakoda and Métis First Nations peoples for at least 11,000 years. As Mayor Naheed Nenshi describes it, “There have always been people here. For generations, people have come here to this land, drawn by the water, to hunt and fish; to live; to trade; to love; to taste bitter disappointment, but above all to engage in that very human act of building community.” In 1787, cartographer David Thompson was the first European trader to visit the area. He spent the winter with a band of Peigan’s along the Bow river. He was a trader with the Hudson Bay Company and recorded the first human visit to the area in 1787. In 2016, Calgary was ranked the most livable city in North America in both 2018 and 2019. Calgary has been a top 5 contender for this title for the last 10 years.