Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres, is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Various Indigenous peoples inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years before European colonization. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces.
About Canada in brief
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres, is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Various Indigenous peoples inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years before European colonization. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. Its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. The first inhabitants of Canada are generally hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago. The name Canada is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning \”village\” or \”settlement\”. In 1535, Indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. By 1545, European books and maps had begun referring to this small region along the Saint Lawrence River as Canada. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas; until their union as the British Province of Canada in 1841.
Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, and the word Dominion was conferred as the country’s title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a “Realm of the Commonwealth” The term Dominion was used to distinguish the provinces from the federal government from the Second World War on Dominion Day. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada fully under Canadian control, brought the name of the national holiday from Dominion Day to Canada, while later that year the name was changed to Canada Day. The word Canada is used to refer to Canada’s ten provinces and three territories, as well as its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Canada has the seventeenth-highest nominal per-capita income globally and the thirteenth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada’s long and complex relationship with the U.S. has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. The oldest human habitation sites in Canada are two archeological sites at Old Flats and Bluefish Caves, two of the oldest sites of the Bluefish tribe. The last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations married subsequently and developed their own identity.