War of 1812
The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and its allies, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and its dependent colonies in North America. The major casus belli of the war was the kidnapping of American citizens to man the Royal Navy, a practice known as impressment. The war ended in a restoration of the pre-war status quo when a peace treaty agreed to earlier was ratified by the U.S. in February 1815.
About War of 1812 in brief
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States and its allies, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and its dependent colonies in North America and indigenous allies. The major casus belli of the war was the kidnapping of American citizens to man the Royal Navy, a practice known as impressment. The war ended in a restoration of the pre-war status quo when a peace treaty agreed to earlier was ratified by the U.S. in February 1815. It is related to the American Indian Wars, Sixty Years’ War, Creek War, Tecumseh’s War and the American Revolutionary War. The Canadian perspective on the war has been preoccupied primarily with whether America secretly yearned to add the remainder of the British colonies in America to their fold – a different sort of unfinished work from the Revolution. In 1814, the British burned Washington, but the Americans later repulsed British attempts to invade New York and Maryland, ending invasions from the mid-Atlantic to the Gulf of Mexico. This was viewed as restoring national honor and catapulted American commanding General Andrew Jackson to national celebrity. This also took place in West Florida, where a two-day battle for the city of Pensacola ended in the surrender of the Spanish. In Louisiana, an estimated 2,000 to 60,000 American forces were killed in fighting near New Orleans, with an estimated casualty count of 60 to 60. The United States won the Battle of Lake Erie, gaining control of the lake and defeating TecumSEh’s Confederacy at theBattle of the Thames, thereby defeating the UK’s largest Native American ally, a primary war goal.
The Americans made a final attempt to invade the Canadas, during the summer of 1814 was fought to a draw. American military defeats at the Siege of Detroit and the Battle. of Queenston Heights thwarted attempts to seize Upper Canada, improving British morale. The British supplied arms to Native Americans, who raided European-American settlers on the American frontier, hindering the expansion of the United states and provoking resentment. This led to mounting opposition to the resumption of trade with the United United States with the abdication of Napoleon in 1828, culminating in the election of President Andrew Jackson as President. The U.N. Security Council passed a resolution in 1812 calling for an end to the practice of impressment, which had been used by the British since 1793. The issue had already been politically sensitive even before the Revolutionary War broke out, and stopping it formed one of the primary motivations for achieving independence in the first place. Although begun well before the outbreak of war between the UK and Napoleonic France in 1803, the practice greatly accelerated under wartime conditions. As the kidnappings continued, American sentiment toward the UK grew increasingly hostile, exacerbated by incidents such as the 1807 Chesapeake–Leopard affair. The British were outraged by the 1811 Little Belt affair, Meanwhile, the UK supplied arms.