United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates is a country in Western Asia located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It is a federal elective constitutional monarchy formed from a federation of seven emirates, consisting of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. Islam is the official religion and Arabic is theOfficial language. The UAE’s economy is the most diversified in the Gulf Cooperation Council.
About United Arab Emirates in brief
The United Arab Emirates is a country in Western Asia located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It is a federal elective constitutional monarchy formed from a federation of seven emirates, consisting of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. In 2013, the UAE’s population was 9. 2 million, of which 1. 4 million were Emirati citizens and 7. 8 million were expatriates. Islam is the official religion and Arabic is theOfficial language. The UAE’s economy is the most diversified in the Gulf Cooperation Council, while its most populous city of Dubai is a global city and international aviation and maritime trade hub. The country has become less reliant on oil and gas, and is economically focusing on tourism and business. It does not levy income tax, although there is a system of corporate tax in place and value-added tax at 5% was established in 2018. The Islamic age of the UAE dates back to the expulsion of the Sasanians and the subsequent Battle of Dibba. There are six periods of human settlement in UAE, which include the Hafit period from 3,200 to 2,600 BCE, the Wadi Suq period from 2,000 to 1,300 BCE, and the Sumerian period from 1,200-2,000 BCE. There is no proof of contact with the outside world at that stage, although in time, trading links developed with civilisations in Mesopotamia, Iran and the Harappan Valley. The maritime dominance of the Persian Gulf by Emirati traders led to conflicts with European powers, including the Portuguese Empire and the British Empire.
The UAE is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, OPEC, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Gulf cooperation Council. It has a population of 9.89 million, with an estimated population of 89 million in 2020. It borders Oman and Saudi Arabia, and has maritime borders in the Persian gulf with Qatar and Iran. It was once known as the Trucial States with the signing of the General Maritime Treaty with the British in 1820. This arrangement ended with independence and the establishment of theUnited Arab Emirates on 2 December 1971 following the British withdrawal from its treaty obligations. The area was home to a prosperous Bronze Age trading culture during the Umm al Nar period which traded between the Indus Valley, Bahrain and Mesopotamian as well as Iran, Bactria and the Levant. The current emirate of Dubai was formed in 1971; the seventh, Ras al-Khaimah,. joined the federation on 10 February 1972. It became a regional trading and maritime hub in the area in the 1960s and 70s. The first President of UAE, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, oversaw the development of the Emirates and steered oil revenues into healthcare, education, and infrastructure. He was succeeded by his son, Sheikh Hamad bin Zayed Al-Nahyan.