Freedom of speech
Freedom of speech is recognized as a human right under article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is also recognized in international human rights law in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The Golden Shield Project, an initiative by Chinese government’s Ministry of Public Security, is an example of freedom of speech being restricted in the digital age.
About Freedom of speech in brief
Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or legal sanction. Freedom of expression is recognized as a human right under article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is also recognized in international human rights law in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The Golden Shield Project, an initiative by Chinese government’s Ministry of Public Security that filters potentially unfavourable data from foreign countries is an example of freedom of speech being restricted in the digital age. Based on John Milton’s arguments, freedom ofspeech is understood as a multi-faceted right that includes not only the right to express or disseminate ideas, but three further aspects: International standards, regional and national and national human rights laws. The right to freedom of expression includes any medium, whether it be orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice. The idea of the ‘offense principle’ is also used in the justification of speech limitations, describing the restriction on forms of expression deemed offensive to society, considering factors such as extent, duration, motives of the speaker, and ease with which it could be avoided. This means that freedom of Speech is a right that is protected as a right of expression, not as a protection of speech, not a right to expression, as not to be protected by any law or law enforcement agency.
It includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers, including the Internet, print, radio, television, and the radio. It also includes freedom of opinion and expression; this right includesfreedom to speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law. Freedom of speech and expression, therefore, may not be recognized as being absolute, and common limitations or boundaries tofreedom of speech relate to libel, slander, obscenity, pornography, sedition, incitement, fighting words, classified information, trade secrets, non-disclosure agreements, right to privacy, dignity, and public security, and perjury. The ancient Athenian democratic principle of free speech may have emerged in the late 6th or early 5th century BC. The values of the Roman Republic included freedom of talk and freedom of religion. England’s Bill of Rights 1689 legally established the constitutional right of speech in Parliament which is still in effect. One of the world’s first freedom of the press acts was introduced in Sweden in 1766, mainly due to classical liberal member of parliament, Ostrobothnian priest, Anders Chydenius. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, adopted during the French Revolution in 1789, specifically affirmed free speech as an inalienable right. The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is a feature of the First Amendment.