Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland, steppe and mountains. The kingdom spends 8% of its GDP on the military, which places it as the world’s third biggest military spender behind the United States and China. It is also a major non-NATO ally and a founding member of the United Nations.

About Saudi Arabia in brief

Summary Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland, steppe and mountains. The kingdom spends 8% of its GDP on the military, which places it as the world’s third biggest military spender behind the United States and China. The state has attracted criticism for a variety of reasons including: its role in the Yemeni Civil War, sponsorship of Islamic terrorism, its failure to adopt adequate measures against human trafficking, and its poor human rights record. The ultraconservative Wahhabi religious movement within Sunni Islam has been called \”the predominant feature of Saudi culture\”, with its global spread largely financed by the oil and gas trade. It is also a major non-NATO ally and a founding member of the United Nations, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, OPEC and OPEC-Arab League, and a major oil exporter and producer of crude oil and natural gas. It has one of the youngest populations, with approximately 50 percent of its population of 34. 2 million being under 25 years old. In addition to being a member of Gulf Cooperation Council, it is an active member of OPEC, the Gulf Council, the Arab League and the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation. It also is a major arms importer from 2015 to 2019, receiving half of all the US arms exports to the Middle East.

According to the BIC, the kingdom is the 28th most militarized country in the region and enjoys the region’s best military equipment, after Israel. The world’s second-largest religion, Islam, emerged in modern-day Saudi Arabia. It was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud and united the four regions into a single state through a series of conquests beginning in 1902 with the capture of Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud. In the early 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad united the population of Arabia and created a single Islamic religious polity. Following the amalgamation of Hejaz and Nejd, the new state was named al-Mamlakah al-Saʿah-Al-Mubarak al-Arabiyah al-Maqdisi al-Husayni al-Jawadhi al-Thawadi al-Aqadhi. The country is the second largest oil producer and exporter in the world and the sixth largest gas exporter. It controls the world’s second largest oil reserves and the sixth largest gas reserves. The Kingdom is categorized as a World Bank high-income economy with a very high Human Development Index and is the only Arab country to be part of the G-20 major economies. Saudi Arabia has since been a totalitarian absolute monarchy, effectively a hereditary dictatorship governed along Islamist lines. The state’s official language is Arabic and it was discovered on 3 March 1938 by several other finds in the Eastern Province.