Salman of Saudi Arabia
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. He is the oldest surviving son of Ibn Saud, the first monarch and founder of the country. Salman was the deputy governor of Riyadh and later the governor for 48 years from 1963 to 2011. He became King in 2015 following the death of his half-brother, King Abdullah.
About Salman of Saudi Arabia in brief
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud ; born 31 December 1935) is King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. Salman is the oldest surviving son of Ibn Saud, the first monarch and founder of the country. Salman was the deputy governor of Riyadh and later the governor for 48 years from 1963 to 2011. Salman became King in 2015 following the death of his half-brother, King Abdullah. His major initiatives as king include the Saudi intervention in the Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Vision 2030, and a 2017 decree allowing Saudi women to drive. His son, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, is considered the de facto ruler ofSaudi Arabia and has led many reforms within the country, as well as engendering a number of controversies, including the 2017 arrest of members of the Saudi royal family and the killing of Jamal Khashoggi. Salman and his six full brothers make up the Sudairi Seven. He was raised in the Murabba Palace. Salman received his early education at the Princes’ School in the capital city of Riyadh, a school established by Ibn Saud specifically to provide education for his children. Salman belongs to the middle generation in the royal family; therefore, he could develop close ties with both socially and culturally. He headed the family council called The Descendants’ Council that was established by King Fahd in 2000 to try to solve problems within the family. He continued to crush the military intervention in Bahrain, try to try and solve the military policy of Bahrain, and try to avoid any publicly embarrassing behaviour by some family members.
He is also the chairman of the Prince Salman Center for Disability Research and the Prince Fahd bin Salman Charitable Society for the Care of Kidney Patients. He has been a member of the National Security Council on the same day as Prince Sattam bin Abdulziz was named a member on the Council. It is speculated that he was placed in the same council due to his personal qualities and conciliatory and diplomatic nature. He also headed the First, First, Second and Second Descendant Council, which was established in 2000. Salman has been the Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense, replacing his full brother, the late Crown Prince Sultan. He was appointed the provincial governor on 5 February 1963, and remained in that office until 5 November 2011. As governor, he contributed to the development of Riyadh from a mid-sized town into a major urban metropolis. In 1974, he visited Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar to strengthen Saudi Arabia’s relationship with those nations. In 1996, he was received in the Élysée Palace in Paris by the then-French president Jacques Chirac. The same year he toured Bosnia and Herzegovina to give donations to the Muslim citizens of theCountry. In 1998, Salman visited Pakistan, Japan, Brunei and China. Salman visited Canada in 1991, and inaugurated a gallery in Montreal, Canada in 1996, and gave donations to Muslim citizens in the country in 1998.