Turkmenistan, also known as Turkmenia, is a sovereign country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. The population of the country is 6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics. The country has been widely criticized for its human rights record.
About Turkmenistan in brief
Turkmenistan, also known as Turkmenia, is a sovereign country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. The population of the country is 6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics. Turkmenistan is one of the most sparsely populated nations in Asia. The name Turkmen comes from the ethnonym Türkmen and the Persian suffix -stan meaning “place of” or “country” It was annexed by the Achaemenid Empire of Ancient Iran in the 8th century AD and later became part of the Russian Empire in 1881. It declared its independence from the Soviet Union after the independence referendum in 1991. The country has been widely criticized for its human rights record. Notable issues were its treatment of minorities, press freedoms, and religious freedoms. After the suspension of the death penalty, the use of capital punishment was formally abolished in the 2008 constitution. From 1993 to 2017, citizens received government-provided electricity, water and natural gas free of charge. The sovereign state was ruled by President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov until his death in 2006. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow was elected president in 2007 and took office as president in 2009. The Turkmen population is known as ‘Turkmens’ or ‘Turkmen’ The name ‘Türkman’ means ‘pure Turk’ in Arabic.
Turkmens are a Turkic-speaking tribe that has lived in the region since the 9th century. They are the ethnic basis of the modern Turkman population. The current Turkmen president is Ashgabat, who was elected in 2008 and took power in 2012. The president is a Turkmen who was born in Merv, a city on the Karakum Desert. He is the son of an ethnic Turkman who emigrated to the region in the early 1900s. He has been in power since 2007. The President of Turkmanistan is a member of the Turkmen SSR, which was established in 1991 as a constituent republic of theSoviet Union. The nation has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. It was once the biggest city in the world and an important stop on the Silk Road. It possesses the world’s fourth largest reserves of natural gas. It has a population of 6 million and is the lowest in the Central Asia region of more than 2 million people. It also has the lowest population of any Central Asian nation. The number of Turkmens is less than 1% of the total population of Central Asia, making it the second-lowest of all Central Asian nations in terms of number of people per square kilometre of landmass. The majority of Turkmen are Muslim, and the majority of the population are ethnic Turkmens. In the 10th century, the name “Turkman” was first applied to Oghuz groups that accepted Islam and began to occupy present-day Turkmenland.