Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. The state is home to a number of historic buildings, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, hill stations and three World Heritage sites. Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956 after the reorganisation of states on linguistic lines.
About Tamil Nadu in brief
Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. The state is home to a number of historic buildings, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, hill stations and three World Heritage sites. Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India. The manufacturing sector accounts for more than one-third of the state’s GDP. Its official language is Tamil, which is one. of the longest-surviving classical languages in the world. Archaeological evidence points to this area being one of. the longest continuous habitations in the Indian peninsula. A Neolithic stone celt with the Indus script on it was discovered at Sembian-Kandiyur near Mayiladuthurai in Tamil Nadu. The date of the celt was estimated at between 1500 BCE and 2000 BCE. The region was ruled by several empires, including the three great empires – Chera, Chola and Pandyan empires, which shape the region’s cuisine, culture, and architecture. After the fall of Kingdom of Mysore, the British Colonial rule during the modern period led to the emergence of Chennai, then known as Madras, as a metropolitan city. Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956 after the reorganisation of states on linguistic lines. It ranks 11th among all Indian states in human development index. It is the tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population. It has the second-largest state economy in India with ₹18.45 trillion in gross domestic product with a per capita GDP of ⁹218,000.
It ranks 11th in humandevelopment index. It is also the most industrialised state, with a GDP of more than $1.5 trillion. It also has the highest per capita income in India, with an average annual income of $2.1 billion. The economy of Tamil Nadu is the second biggest in the country, after that of Uttar Pradesh. It ranks 11th in the world, after the U.S. state of California. The state has a population of 2.2 million. It was formed in 1956. The region is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. The only actual evidence of movements at that period is of the Harappans migrating towards the Ganges plains and towards Gujarat. There is complete absence of Harappan artefacts and features of the Vindas: no Har appan designs on pottery, crafts, ornaments and pottery. Such trace of urbanism has increasingly documented in North India, but not in the South. Their migration would thus constitute a double “archaeological miracle”. Such a break from all traditions has been undetectable on the ground, it implies that the total migrants experienced a total break with their traditions with their Neolithic culture.