Shreveport is the most populous city in the Shreveport-Bossier City metropolitan area. The city was established in 1836 to create a town at the meeting point of the Brown Bricks and the Texas Trail. It was the capital of Louisiana from 1863 to 1865 during the American Civil War. The population of the city was 199,311 at the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau.
About Shreveport, Louisiana in brief
Shreveport is the most populous city in the Shreveport-Bossier City metropolitan area, and ranks third in population in Louisiana after Baton Rouge and New Orleans. The city was established in 1836 to create a town at the meeting point of the Brown Bricks and the Texas Trail. It was the capital of Louisiana from 1863 to 1865 during the American Civil War. It is the location of Centenary College of Louisiana, Louisiana State University, Louisiana Tech University, Southern University at Shreveports, and Louisiana Baptist University. The population of the city was 199,311 at the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau. The United States Census Bureau’s 2019 estimates for the city’s population decreased to 187,112. It forms part of the I-20 Cyber Corridor linking Shreve Port and Bossier City, Ruston, Grambling, and Monroe to Dallas and Tyler, Texas, and Atlanta, Georgia. The Red River was made navigable by Captain Henry Miller Shreve, who led the United States Army Corps of Engineers efforts to clear the Red River. Shreve Town was originally contained within the boundaries of a piece of land sold to the company in 1835 by the indigenous Caddo Indians. On March 20, 1839, the town was incorporated as Shreve port. It soon became a center of steamboat commerce, carrying mostly cotton and agricultural crops from the plantations of Caddi Parish. It also had a slave market, though slave trading was not as widespread as in other parts of the state.
During the Civil War, Sh Reveport was the site of the headquarters of the Confederate Army’s Trans-Mississippi Department. The last command to surrender in the last period of the war was on May 13-21, 1865, after Robert E. Lee’s surrender in April 1865. It has been home to the University of Louisiana-Shreve Port, a public university, and the Louisiana Institute of Technology, a private business school, and several other colleges and universities, including Louisiana Tech, Louisiana Baptist, and Southern University. It became a national center for the oil industry after the discovery of oil in Louisiana in the early 20th century, and was home to Standard Oil of Louisiana and United Gas Corporation until the 1960s and 1980s. Since Cedric Glover’s tenure as mayor, the city began efforts to revitalize its infrastructure to end its population decline, revive the economy through diversification, and lower crime. It now is home to Regions Financial Corporation, JPMorgan Chase, Sam’s Town Hotel and Gambling Hall, AT&T Mobility, United Parcel Service, Walmart, Chick-fil-A, Waffle House, SWEPCO, General Electric, UOP LLC, Calumet Specialty Products Partners, and APS Payroll. Its neighboring cityBossier City is the locations of Bossier Parish Community College, and it is the home of the Louisiana State College of Business and Economics. It’s also home to Louisiana Tech and Louisiana Tech universities.