Texas is a state in the South Central Region of the United States. It is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population. It was incorporated as provincia de Texas in 1821, and declared a republic in 1836. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54.
About Texas in brief
Texas is a state in the South Central Region of the United States. It is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. Texas is nicknamed the \”Lone Star State\” for its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s struggle for independence from Mexico. The origin of Texas’s name is from the word táysha, which means ‘friends’ in the Caddo language. It was incorporated as provincia de Texas in 1821, and declared a republic in 1836. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including tourism, agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would have the 10th largest economy in the world. The state’s annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846. Texas was a slave state before the American Civil War, and officially joined the Confederate States of America on March 2 of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. In the later 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. The discovery of major petroleum deposits initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century.
Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century, and has the second-highest gross state product. The name Texas, based on the word ‘tejas’, means ‘friend’ or ‘teja’ in Spanish. The final plural -s representing the Spanish Tejas – was completed near the Mission of San Francisco de los Tejas in May 1990, in what is now Houston, East Texas. The word Tejas is also used to refer to the Hasinai Confederacy, specifically the Hasinoi Confederacy. The Hasinais are a group of Spanish-speaking people who lived in Texas in the 1800s and early 1900s. Texas has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, and a coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend. The term’six flags over Texas’ refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim and control the area of Texas, France held a short-lived colony, and Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming the Republic of Texas. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U-S. southwestern deserts, less than ten percent of Texas’s land area is desert.