Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine
Victoria Mountbatten was the daughter of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine. She married Prince Louis of Battenberg, an officer in the Royal Navy, over her father’s disapproval. She is the maternal grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and mother-in-law of king Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden.
About Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine in brief
Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, later Victoria Mountbatten, Marchioness of Milford Haven. Her mother died while her brother and sisters were still young, which placed her in an early position of responsibility over her siblings. Over her father’s disapproval, she married his first cousin Prince Louis of Battenberg, an officer in the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy. She was perceived by her family as liberal in outlook, straightforward, practical and bright. During World War I, she and her husband abandoned their German titles and adopted the British-sounding surname of Mountbattenberg, which was simply a translation into English of the German “Battenberg”. Two of her sisters—Elisabeth and Alix, who had married into the Russian imperial family—were killed by communist revolutionaries. She is the maternal grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and mother-in-law of king Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden. Victoria was christened in the Lutheran faith in the Green Drawing Room at Windsor Castle, in the arms of the Queen on 27 April. Her godparents were Queen Victoria, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, Louis III, Grand Duke of H Hess, the Prince of Wales and Prince Heinrich of Hhess and byRhine. Her father did not approve of the match; Prince Louis had little money and would deprive him of his daughter’s company, as the couple would live abroad in Britain.
Victoria married Prince Louis on 30 April 1884 at Darmstadt; on the same evening, Victoria’s father’s mistress, Countess Alexandrine von Hutark, married Prince Leopold of Albany. She later wrote: “My childhood ended with her death, for I became the eldest and most responsible… My Childhood ended with my childhood.” She died on 14 December, the anniversary of the death of her father, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and was succeeded by her son, Prince Philip. Victoria’s husband was serving in the Royal Navy at the time of her death. She died of diphtheria in early November 1878, the first of many tragedies to beset the Hesse family. In the winter of 1882, Victoria and Prince Louis met again at D armstadt and were engaged the following summer because of the brief postponement of her maternal uncle’s death. The couple married in 1884 and lived most of her married life in various parts of Europe at her husband’s naval posts and visiting her many royal relations. Her husband was her first cousin once removed and a member of a branch of the Hessian royal family. Victoria and her sister Elisabeth were sent to Britain to live with their grandmother until hostilities were ended by the absorption of Hessen-Kassel into Prussia.