Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death, in 1901. She was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne aged 18 after her father’s three elder brothers died without surviving legitimate issue. Victoria’s children married into royal and noble families across the continent, earning Victoria the sobriquet ‘the grandmother of Europe’
About Queen Victoria in brief
Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death, in 1901. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne aged 18 after her father’s three elder brothers died without surviving legitimate issue. Though a constitutional monarch, privately, Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments; publicly, she became a national icon who was identified with strict standards of personal morality. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration. She died on the Isle of Wight in 1901, succeeded by her son Edward VII of the House of Saxes. Victoria’s children married into royal and noble families across the continent, earning Victoria the sobriquet \”the grandmother of Europe\” and spreading haemophilia in European royalty. She was christened privately by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Manners-Sutton, on 24 June 1819 in the Cupola Room at Kensington Palace. Victoria married her first cousin Prince Albert ofSaxe- Coburg and Gotha in 1840, and they had two children, Carl and Feodora. Victoria later described as her childhood as “rather melancholy”. Her son, William, became heir presumptive to the throne and passed the throne to their next surviving brother, George IV, in 1827. The Regency Act 1830 made special provision for Victoria’s mother to act as regent in case of Victoria’s death while William died while Victoria was still a minor King.
Victoria lived for 12 weeks from 1820 to 1821 and for that period Victoria was fourth in line to the British throne. She then lived for twelve weeks from 4 December 1821 to 4 March 1821. Victoria died in 1901 at the age of 83, and was succeeded by Prince Edward of Hanover. Her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than that of any of her predecessors. It was a period of industrial, political, scientific, and military change within the U.K. and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. In 1876, Parliament voted her the additional title of Empress of India, and she was later made Queen of India. Victoria is buried at St Paul’s Cathedral in London, along with her husband, Prince Charles of Wales, and their three children. She is buried alongside her mother, Princess Victoria, and her two brothers, Prince Edward and Prince George. Victoria had no children of her own; she was the only child of Edward and his first wife, Princess Charlotte of Wales. Her father was the fourth son of the reigning King of the UK, George III, and died in 1817. Until 1817, Edward’s niece, PrincessCharlotte, was theonly legitimate grandchild of George III. Her death in1817 precipitated a succession crisis that brought pressure on the Duke ofKent and his unmarried brothers to marry and have children.