Prague, Czech Republic
Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is the 13th largest city in the European Union and the historical capital of Bohemia. The city has a temperate oceanic climate, with relatively warm summers and chilly winters. Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge and Old Town Square.
About Prague, Czech Republic in brief
Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is the 13th largest city in the European Union and the historical capital of Bohemia. The city has a temperate oceanic climate, with relatively warm summers and chilly winters. Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. In 2017 Prague was listed as the fifth most visited European city after London, Paris, Rome and Istanbul. In 2019, the city was ranked as 69th most liveable city inthe world by Mercer. It was also ranked 13th in the world in 2016 by the PICSA Index, which ranks cities by their quality of life. Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe, is located in the centre of the city. It has more than ten major museums, along with numerous theatres, galleries, cinemas and other historical exhibits. It also has a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University, which was founded in 1344. The legendary origins of Prague attribute its foundation to the 8th-century duchess and prophet Libuše, Přemyslidl, who came out on out on the founder of the Prague dynasty. The first Prague Castle had been on the site since the year 800.
The other prominent Prague fort, the P�’emslidy fort, was founded 70 years later in the 10th century, some 70 years after Prague Castle. In the last century BC, the Celts were slowly driven away by Germanic tribes, leading some to place the seat of the Marcomanni king, Maroboduus, in southern Prague in the suburb now called Závist. Around the area where present-day Prague stands, the 2nd century map drawn by Ptolemaios mentioned a Germanic city called Casurgis. In the late 5th century AD, during the great Migration Period following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Germanic. tribes living in Bohemia moved westwards and, probably in the 6th century,. the Slavic tribes settled the Central Bohemian Region. The Czech tribes built several fortified settlements in the area, most notably in the Šárka valley, Butovice and Levý Hradec. The construction of what came to be known as Prague Castle began near the end of the 9th century. During the thousand years of its existence, Prague grew from a settlement stretching from Prague Castle in the north to the fort of Vyşehrad in the south, to become the capital of a modern European country. It played major roles in the Bohemian and Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years’ War and in 20th- century history as the capital.