Emanual Moravec (17 April 1893 – 5 May 1945) was a Czech army officer and writer. He served as the Minister of Education of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia between 1942 and 1945. He has been widely derided as a ‘Czech Quisling’ and a ‘citizen of the Third Reich’ He committed suicide in the final days of World War II.
About Emanuel Moravec in brief
Emanual Moravec (17 April 1893 – 5 May 1945) was a Czech army officer and writer. He served as the Minister of Education of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia between 1942 and 1945. He was also chair of the Board of Trustees for the Education of Youth, a fascist youth organisation in the protectorate. In World War I he served in the Austro-Hungarian Army, but changed sides to join Russian-backed Serbian forces and then the Czechoslovak Legion. In the aftermath of the German occupation of the rump Czechoslovakia, he became an enthusiastic collaborator, realigning his political worldview towards fascism. He committed suicide in the final days of World War II. He has been widely derided as a ‘Czech Quisling’ and a ‘citizen of the Third Reich’ He was one of the pallbearers at the funeral of President Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in 1935. In his writings he was outspoken about the growing ambitions of Nazi Germany. He called for Czechs to form an alliance with Poland and Italy against what he saw as a rising German threat. In 1938 he warned that Czechs should find herself politically on the periphery of Europe. He wrote the preface to a printed edition of Masaryks’ address to the Czechs. In it, he signaled support for the democratic state that had come out of WWI, as well as his personal loyalty to the army. He also warned that if Czechs fell, France would find itself politically on their periphery.
He died of a heart attack in 1945, aged 48, in a hospital in Znojmo, near Prague. He is survived by his wife, two children and a step-granddaughter. He had a son and two step-great-grandchildren, all of whom are still living in the Czech Republic. He never married and never had any children of his own. His last words were to his wife: ‘I love you all. I love you very much. I am so proud of you.’ He died in a hotel room in Prague, where he was staying with his wife and two children. He left behind a wife and a son. He later died of lung cancer in a nursing home in Prague. His wife and three children are still alive and well in Prague and have a son of their own. He leaves behind a daughter and two grandchildren. He worked as a clerk at a Prague company. In 1931 he was appointed an instructor at the War School and promoted to colonel. During the interwar period he commanded an infantry battalion in the Czechoslovak Army. He was accepted into Prague’s War School. He ultimately came to command the 1st Field Battalion of the 21st Infantry Regiment in Z nojmo. In 1935 he served as one of one the pall bearers at MasaryK’s funeral. He won the Baťa Prize for Journalism. In 1936 he wrote a book, The Age of Democracy, under the pen name Stanislav Yester, on political and military matters.