Pope Francis is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. He is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, and the first pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III, who reigned in the 8th century. As a young man Bergoglio worked for a time as a bouncer and a janitor before getting training as a chemist.
About Pope Francis in brief
Pope Francis is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. He is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, and the first pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III, who reigned in the 8th century. As a young man Bergoglio worked for a time as a bouncer and a janitor before getting training as a chemist, and working as a technician in a food science laboratory. He was ordained a Catholic priest in 1969, and from 1973 to 1979 was Argentina’s provincial superior of the Society of Jesus. He became the archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II. Francis is an outspoken critic of unbridled capitalism and free market economics, consumerism, and overdevelopment. He advocates taking action on climate change, a focus of his papacy with the promulgation of Laudato si’ In international diplomacy, he helped to temporarily restore full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba and supported the cause of refugees during the European and Central American migrant crises. Since 2018, he has been a heavily vocal opponent of neo-nationalism. He has faced criticism from theological conservatives on many questions, including admitting civilly divorced and remarried Catholics to communion with the publication of Amoris laetitia. He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi.
The Pope is known for his humility, emphasis on God’s mercy, international visibility as pope, concern for the poor and commitment to interreligious dialogue. He also has a fondness for the traditional music of Argentina and Uruguay, and is also a fan of the films Tita Merello and Merengue. He attended the technical secondary school Escuela Técnica Industrial N° 27 Hipólito Yrigoyen, named after a past President of Argentina, where he graduated with a Diploma’s Diploma in foods. He had part of a lung excised shortly after he was 21 years old, and suffered from life-threatening pneumonia and three cysts. He found his vocation as a football club manager at San Lorenzo de Almagro football club in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In the sixth grade, he attended Wilfrid Barón de los Santos Ángeles, a school of the Salesians of Don Bosco, in Ramos Mejía, Buenos Aires. His only living sibling is a painter based in Madrid, Spain, and he has a niece, Cristina BergoglIO, who is based in Spain. His great-nephews, Antonio and Joseph, died in a traffic collision. His other siblings were Alberto Horacio, Oscar Adrián and Marta Regina. Two great- nephews were Antonio andJoseph, who were born in Portacomaro, Italy’s Piedmont region. His parents left Italy in 1929 to escape the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini. According to his only living sister, they did not emigrate for economic reasons.