Juan Manuel de Rosas
Juan Manuel de Rosas was a politician and army officer. He ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation. He established a dictatorship backed by state terrorism. His regime became totalitarian in nature, with all aspects of society rigidly controlled. He garnered an enduring public perception among Argentines as a brutal tyrant.
About Juan Manuel de Rosas in brief
Juan Manuel de Rosas was a politician and army officer. He ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation. He established a dictatorship backed by state terrorism. His regime became totalitarian in nature, with all aspects of society rigidly controlled. Rosas garnered an enduring public perception among Argentines as a brutal tyrant. Since the 1930s, an authoritarian, anti-Semitic, and racist political movement in Argentina called Revisionism has tried to improve Rosas’s reputation. In 1989, his remains were repatriated by the government in an attempt to promote national unity, seeking forgiveness for him and especially for the 1970s military dictatorship. His last years were spent in exile living as a tenant farmer until his death in 1877. He was the first child of León Ortiz deRosas and Agustina López de Osornio. His father was the son of an immigrant from the Spanish Province of Burgos. His mother was a strong-willed and domineering woman who derived these character traits from her father Clemente Ló Lopez de OsORNio, a landowner who died defending his estate from an Indian attack in 1783. The son was schooled at home until the age of 8, then enrolled in private school in Buenos Aires. According to historian John Lynch, Rosas’ education was unremarkable. The 13-year-old Rosas served to distribute ammunition to British troops in a force organised by Viceroy Santiago Linoy. He appears to have had a sympathetic, if superficial, acquaintance with minor thinkers of French absolutism.
In 1806, a British expeditionary force invaded Buenos Aires, and Rosas led a counter-attack to counter the invasion. He is regarded as the best son of Buenos Aires in the best practice of the time, though his own efforts followed in the years that followed in that he was not entirely un-readread by the authors of the book. He died in 1872, and was buried in the San Fernando Cemetery in the Buenos Aires suburb of La Plata, where he is buried with his wife and two children. His son, Juan Manuel José Domingo Ortiz de Ros as, was born on 30 March 1793 at his family’s town house in Aires, the capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. He later became the undisputed leader of the Federalist Party. He fought a war against the Peru–Bolivian Confederation, endured a blockade by France, faced a revolt in his own province and battled a major rebellion that lasted for years and spread to several Argentine provinces. By 1848, he had extended his influence in the provinces, exercising effective control over them through direct and indirect means. His prestige was greatly enhanced by his string of successes. When the Empire of Brazil began aiding Uruguay in its struggle against Argentina, he declared war in August 1851, starting the Platine War. This short conflict ended with Rosas being defeated and absconding to Britain.