The Montessori method of education was developed by Italian physician MariaMontessori. Popular elements include mixed-age classrooms, student freedom, long blocks of uninterrupted work time, and specially trained teachers. The American Montessor i Society is the largest organization in the world dedicated to the method.
About Montessori education in brief
The Montessori method of education was developed by Italian physician MariaMontessori. Emphasizing independence, it views children as naturally eager for knowledge and capable of initiating learning. Popular elements include mixed-age classrooms, student freedom, long blocks of uninterrupted work time, and specially trained teachers. Scientific studies regarding the method are mostly positive, with a 2017 review stating that ‘broad evidence’ exists for its efficacy. Some studies suggest that methods closer to MontessorI’s original approach, rather than modernized methods, are better for students. The American Montessor i Society is the largest organization in the world dedicated to the method with more than 1,300 affiliated school and almost 100 teacher-education programs. It is not trademarked in the US. Although a range of practices exist under the name ‘Montessore’, the Association Montessore International is the only one in the U.S. that uses the term ‘montessori’ to refer to its method of teaching. The Association is a non-profit organization based in Italy. It was founded by Dr. Nancy McCormick Rambusch and Mrs. Georgeann Skakel Dowdle on September 29, 1958. The Whitby School became the fist certified Montessoro teacher training program in the United States. In addition to offering free access to materials appropriate to the age of children, it also offers the opportunity for the child to access the following:. The function of the environment is to help the child develop all areas of inner psychological development in all areas according to his or her inner directives.
It also offers an educational environment tailored to the basic characteristics, to the specific characteristics of children at different ages, and to the individual personalities of each child. It discourages some conventional measures of achievement, such as grades and tests. It has two basic principles: First, children and developing adults engage in psychological self-construction by means of interaction with their environments. Second, children have an innate path of psychological development according to her model for optimal development. The method has since been used in many parts of the world, in public and private schools alike. It had spread to the United. States by 1912 and became widely known in educational and popular publications. It spread to Southeast Asia and India during World War II, where Maria Montroachi was interned during World war II. The idea of a “MontessorI’s” school has spread throughout the world and is now used in more than 100 countries. It is also used in private schools in the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the Netherlands. It can also be found in the Netherlands, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, and other European countries. The Montessoris believe that children who are at liberty to choose and act freely within an prepared environment would act spontaneously in an optimal development of their psychological development. They also believe that a well-prepared environment can help children develop in a positive manner.