John Knox was a Scottish minister, theologian, and writer. He was the founder of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. Knox was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal David Beaton in 1546.
About John Knox in brief
John Knox was a Scottish minister, theologian, and writer who was a leader of the country’s Reformation. He was the founder of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Born in Haddington, East Lothian, Knox is believed to have been educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. Knox was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal David Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent Mary of Guise. Was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549. While in exile, Knox was licensed to work in the Church of England, where he rose in the ranks to serve King Edward VI of England as a royal chaplain. He exerted a reforming influence on the text of the Book of Common Prayer. In England, he met and married his first wife, Margery Bowes. On his return to Scotland, Knox led the Protestant Reformation in Scotland, in partnership with the Scottish Protestant nobility. In several interviews with the Queen, Knox admonished her for supporting Catholic practices. After she was imprisoned for her alleged role in the murder of her husband Lord Darnley, and King James VI was enthroned in her stead, Knox openly called for her execution. Knox did not record when or how he was converted to the Protestant faith, but the key formative influences on Knox were Patrick Hamilton andGeorge Wishart.
He moved to England in 1538, where in Bristol he preached against the veneration of the Virgin Mary. In December 1543, James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault, appointed a regent for the Queen Mother, Mary, Queen of Scots. Knox translated the First Helvetic Confession into English. He returned to Scotland in 1544, but his return was unfortunate, but he decided to return in 1555. He continued to preach until his final days. He wrote the new confession of faith and ecclesiastical order for the newly created reformed church, the Kirk. He died in Edinburgh in 1562, but was buried at St Nicholas’ Church, St Nicholas, in Edinburgh, in December 1563. He is buried in the church of St Nicholas as a public recantation and effigy at the St Nicholas Church of St. Nicholas’ in St Nicholas. Knox first appears in public records as a priest and notary in 1540, and was still serving in these capacities as late as 1543 when he described himself as a \”minister of the sacred altar in the diocese of St Andrews, notary by apostolic authority\” in a notarial deed dated 27 March. He studied under John Major, one of the greatest scholars of the time. He also taught the sons of Hugh Douglas of Longniddry and John Cockburn of Ormiston. Both of these lairds had embraced the new religious ideas.