Ecclesiastical heraldry refers to the use of heraldry within the Christian Church for dioceses and Christian clergy. It is most formalized within the Catholic Church, where most bishops, including the Pope, have a personal coat of arms. Clergy in Anglican, Lutheran, Eastern Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches follow similar customs.
About Ecclesiastical heraldry in brief
Ecclesiastical heraldry refers to the use of heraldry within the Christian Church for dioceses and Christian clergy. It is most formalized within the Catholic Church, where most bishops, including the Pope, have a personal coat of arms. Clergy in Anglican, Lutheran, Eastern Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches follow similar customs, as do institutions such as schools and diocses. The most prominent of these insignia is the low crowned, wide brimmed ecclesiastical hat, commonly the Roman galero. Other insignia include the processional cross, and the episcopal mitre and crosier. The motto and specific shapes of shields are more common in ecclesiastic heraldry, while supporters and crests are less common. The arms of ecclesiastical institutions have somewhat different customs, using the mitre more often than is found in personal arms. The design of prelatial arms is often a disastrous defiance of the heraldry rules of the Church. A similar system for the Church of England was approved in 1976, but has less regulation than that of the Eastern Church. The heraldic design of Eastern heraldry is often lost or acquired or lost or lost, and different rules are used to regulate the design of the arms of Western heraldry. The full system of emblems around the shield was regulated by the letter of Pope Pius X Inter multiplices curas of 21 February 1905, while the Heraldry Commission of the Roman Curia regulated composition of the shield itself until Pope John XXIII abolished the body in 1960.
International custom and national law govern some aspects of Ecclesiastical heraldy, but composition of shields is now mostly guided by expert advice. It not determined by heraldic considerations alone, but also by doctrinal and canonical factors. It shows the rank of the bearer… In the Church it is sufficient to bear an ecclesiastical coat of Arms under what conditions and conditions are appropriate. The papal Tiara, the Keys of Saint Peter, and the ombrellino are among the heraldic customs of the papal coats of arms, as are the Papal Cross and the Processional Cross of St. Peter. The Papal Coat of Arms was first used in the 12th century by King Edward I of England, and was used to mark documents and buildings. It was originally a system of personal badges of the warrior classes, which served, among other purposes, as identification on the battlefield. The earliest seals bore a likeness of the owner of the seal, with his shield and heraldic insignia included. In time the seals were reduced to only their shields. The shield was retained, but ecclesiastical hats often replaced helmets and coronets. In some religious arms a skull replaced the helmet to symbolize mortality. Clergy tended to replace martial devices with clerical devices, such as the shield and coronet, The shield and mitre were replaced by clerical hats, which were customarily black for priests and green for bishops.