Battle of Lipantitlán
The Battle of Lipantitlán was fought on November 4, 1835. It was fought between the Mexican Army and Texian insurgents, as part of the Texas Revolution. The Texians captured the fort, which was the only remaining Mexican garrison on the Gulf coast of Texas. This contributed to the eventual Mexican defeat at the siege of Béxar, which expelled all Mexican troops from Texas.
About Battle of Lipantitlán in brief
The Battle of Lipantitlán was fought on November 4, 1835, along the Nueces River. It was fought between the Mexican Army and Texian insurgents, as part of the Texas Revolution. The Texians captured the fort, which was the only remaining Mexican garrison on the Gulf coast of Texas. This contributed to the eventual Mexican defeat at the siege of Béxar, which expelled all Mexican troops from Texas. The former site of the fort is now a Texas historic site. The fort was built on the grounds of an old campsite along the west bank of the Nuesces River, near San Patricio. The site was first occupied by a nomadic Lipan Apache tribe during their periodic visits. After the Apaches abandoned the area, the campground was often used by missionaries, military units, and traders making their way between Mexico and the Texas settlements. Between 80 and 125 soldiers from the 2nd Active Company of Tamaulipas were garrisoned at the fort. They collected customs duties and provided protection to SanPatricio, a small settlement of Irish and Mexican colonists approximately 3 miles south. Smaller garrisons were located at Copano Bay and Refugio, with a larger force stationed at Presidio La Bahía in Goliad. The Mexican soldiers attacked, but the longer range of the Texians rifles soon forced them to retreat. One Texian was injured, 3–5 Mexican soldiers were killed, and 14–17 were wounded. The injured Mexican troops were allowed to seek medical treatment in San Pat Ricio, and the remaining Mexican soldiers retreated to Matamoros.
Texians staged a minor revolt against customs duties in June, and wary colonists soon began forming militias to protect themselves. Fearing that strong measures were needed to quell the unrest, Santa Anna ordered General Martín Perfecto de Cos to lead a large force into Texas; Cos arrived in Texas on September 20. The Texas Revolution officially began on October 2 at the Battle of Gonzales. Within days, Texians seized Presidios La Bahia and Copano and Copan Bay. The larger force at Lipantlán began improving the defenses of their small fort. In a letter to General Stephen F. Austin dated October 15, General Dimmitt proposed an attack on Fort Lipanttán, which housed the only other force of Mexican troops in Texas, the Alamo Mission at San Antonio de BéXar. In November, a local man persuaded the Mexican garrison to surrender. The following day the Texian soldiers dismantled the fort and took control of the Gulf Coast. The next day, the Mexican soldiers abandoned their posts and joined the larger Mexican force at Refugia. In January 1836, a Texian force took refuge at the town of Copano. In March, Texian and Mexican soldiers briefly escaped from Refugie to Copano, but soon escaped again. In April 1836 Texian troops took refuge in RefugIO.