Battle of Leuthen
Frederick the Great’s Prussian army used maneuver and terrain to completely rout a larger Austrian force. The victory ensured Prussia’s control of Silesia during the Third Silesian War. In 1754, escalating tensions between Britain and France in North America offered the Empress the opportunity to regain her lost territories.
About Battle of Leuthen in brief
Frederick the Great’s Prussian army used maneuver and terrain to completely rout a larger Austrian force. The victory ensured Prussia’s control of Silesia during the Third Silesian War. Leuthen was the last battle at which Prince Charles commanded the Austrian Army, before his sister-in-law, Empress Maria Theresa, appointed him as governor of the Habsburg Netherlands. The battle also established beyond doubt Frederick’s military reputation in European circles; it was arguably his greatest tactical victory. In 1754, escalating tensions between Britain and France in North America offered the Empress the opportunity to regain her lost territories. France and Austria put aside their old rivalry to form a coalition of their own; Maria Theresa agreed that one of her daughters, Maria Antonia, would marry the Dauphin of France. That drove Britain to align herself with George II’s nephew, the King of Prussia; their alliance also involved the Electorate of Hanover, which was held in personal union by George, along with George’s and Frederick’s relatives who ruled the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel. In his absence, the Austrians had managed to retake the city of Breslau, but Frederick learned of the fall in late November. He and his troops covered 22,000 men in 12 days and, at Liegnitz, joined up with the Prussian troops who had survived the fighting at BresLau.
Most of Lower Silesie is a rolling plain of fertile land near the river Bresau. It includes all black and fertile land in all parts of the Bresilau river and all of the black and black soils near Bresulau. The land includes 274,000 acres of fertile and rolling land in which the Prussians had about 33,000 troops. Most troops of the Austrian army of about 66,000 arrived near Leuten to find the land fertile and fertile. The Prussian forces augmented the army of the Austrian troops of about 33,.000, who had about 30,000, to take control of the land. In late 1756, Frederick overran Saxony then campaigned in Bohemia. There he defeated theAustrians on 6 May 1757 at the Battle of Prague. Learning that French forces had invaded his ally’s territory ofHanover, Frederick moved west. On 5 November 1757, an infantry regiment of about 1,000Men and 1,500 of his cavalry defeated the combined French and Austrian force of 30,00 at the battle of Rossbach. In the following days, Frederick had laid siege to Bres lau, which resulted in that city’s surrender on 19–20 December. Within 48 hours, Frederick took control of Lower Silesia. In early 1758, Frederick and his brother, Prince Charles, moved on Lower Saxony and took the city.