1864 United States presidential election
Abraham Lincoln won the election by a wide margin of 212–21 in the electoral college, with 55% of the popular vote. Lincoln’s re-election ensured that he would preside over the successful conclusion of the Civil War. Lincoln was assassinated less than two months into his second term, and he was succeeded by his vice president, Andrew Johnson.
About 1864 United States presidential election in brief
The 1864 United States presidential election was held on Tuesday, November 8, 1864. The Republican Party and some Democrats created the National Union Party, especially to attract War Democrats. President Abraham Lincoln won the election by a wide margin of 212–21 in the electoral college, with 55% of the popular vote. Lincoln’s re-election ensured that he would preside over the successful conclusion of the Civil War. Lincoln was assassinated less than two months into his second term, and he was succeeded by his vice president, Andrew Johnson. The election was noteworthy for occurring at all, an unprecedented democratic exercise in the midst of a civil war. A group of Republican dissidents who called themselves Radical Republicans formed a party named the Radical Democracy Party and nominated John C. Frémont as their candidate for president. The party later withdrew and endorsed Lincoln. The 1864 presidential election conventions of the parties are considered below in order of the party’s popular vote, with Lincoln at the head of the ticket. National Union candidates: Lincoln, McClellan, Johnson, Chase, Horace Greeley, P.P. Wade, and Horace P. Wade. National Party candidates: Chase, Lincoln, Fré Mont, and Greeley. The National Union party platform included these goals: \”pursuit of the Confederacy, unconditionally until the Confederacy surrendered unconditionally, until the end of the war, and unconditional support for the United States of America. The Democratic Party platform included a platform advocating peace with the Confederacy. Lincoln won strong majorities in the popular and electoral vote, partly as a result of the recent Union victory at the Battle of Atlanta.
No electoral votes were counted from any of the eleven southern states that had joined the Confederate States ofAmerica. Lincoln became the first president to win re- Election since Andrew Jackson in 1832, as well as the first Northern president to ever winRe-election. The Democrats were divided between the Copperheads and War Democrats, who supported the war. Before the election, some War Democrats joined the Republicans to form the NationalUnion Party. Some political leaders including Salmon Chase, Benjamin P. Chase, and Benjamin Horace Weld opposed Lincoln’s reelection on the grounds he could not win. Chase withdrew in March 1864 when a slew of Republican officials within the state of Ohio endorsed Lincoln for re-nomination, but he withdrew himself when he became the only candidate to contest Lincoln’s nomination. The New York World newspaper ran a series of articles predicting a delay for the 1864 National Union Convention until late in 1864 to allowFrémont time to collect delegates to win the nomination. FrÉmont supporters in New York City established a newspaper called the New Nation, which declared in one of its initial issues that the National union Convention would be a “nonentity\”. Lincoln won his party’s nomination at the 18 64 National Union National Convention. The convention selected Andrew Johnson of Tennessee, a War Democrat, as Lincoln’s running mate. In the Border States, War Democrats join with Republicans as the Nationalunion Party, withincoln at theHead of the Ticket.