Salmon P. Chase
Salmon Portland Chase was a U.S. politician and jurist. He was the sixth Chief Justice of the United States. He also served as the 23rd Governor of Ohio. Chase was also the 25th United States Secretary of the Treasury. Chase sought the Republican nomination for president in the 1860 presidential election.
About Salmon P. Chase in brief
Salmon Portland Chase was a U.S. politician and jurist. He was the sixth Chief Justice of the United States. He also served as the 23rd Governor of Ohio and represented Ohio in the U. S. Senate. Chase was also the 25th United States Secretary of the Treasury. He became an anti-slavery activist and frequently defended fugitive slaves in court. Chase sought the Republican nomination for president in the 1860 presidential election, but the party chose Abraham Lincoln at its National Convention. Chase served as Chief Justice from 1864 to his death in 1873. He unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1868 and the Liberal Republican nomination in1872. His paternal immigrant ancestor was Aquila Chase from Cornwall, England, a ship-master who settled in Newbury, Massachusetts, about 1640. His maternal grandparents Alexander Ralston and Janette Balloch were Scottish, originally from Falkirk. Chase lived from 1820 to 1824 in Ohio with his uncle Bishop Philander Chase, a leading figure in the Protestant Episcopal Church in the West. He studied in the common schools of Windsor, Vermont, and Worthington, Ohio, and at Cincinnati College before entering the junior class at Dartmouth College. The Salmon P. Chase Birthplace and childhood home still stands in Cornish, New Hampshire, and his uncle Dudley Chase of Vermont was another uncle. He married Katherine Jane Garmiss, in 1835, shortly after their March 1834 wedding, an event which was a spiritual reakening for him.
He worked initially with the American Sunday School Union in Cincinnati, where public opinion was dominated by Southern business connections, including the attack on the press of James Birney during the Cincinnati riots of 1836. Chase became the leader of the political reformers, as opposed to the Garrisonian abolitionist movement. His argument in the case of Zand Jones v. Vantand Jones was dubbed the “Attorney General for Fugitive Slaves” Chase died in 1872, and was buried at Mount Vernon, Ohio. He is survived by his wife, three children, and a daughter, Mary Chase, who was born in Cincinnati in 1829. He had a son, Salmon Chase, Jr., who was elected to Congress in 1856. Chase died of complications from a heart attack in 1883, but was buried in Mount Vernon in 1884. He died of a stroke in 1887. He leaves behind a wife, Mary, and two children, Salmon, Jr. and a son-in-law, William Chase, III, who served as Ohio’s governor from 1856 to 1860. Chase is buried in Ohio’s Mount Vernon Cemetery, where he was a member of the Ohio House of Representatives from 1854 to 1864. He served as Secretary of Treasury from 1861 to 1865. He opposed the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas–Nebraska Act. Chase helped establish the Republican Party, which opposed the extension of slavery into the territories. He tried to ensure the Union was well-financed during the Civil War. Chase continued to pursue the presidency.