Robert Catesby was the leader of a group of English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. His family were prominent recusant Catholics, and presumably to avoid swearing the Oath of Supremacy he left college before taking his degree. He married a Protestant in 1593 and fathered two children, one of whom survived birth and was baptised in a Protestant church.
About Robert Catesby in brief
Robert Catesby was the leader of a group of English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. His family were prominent recusant Catholics, and presumably to avoid swearing the Oath of Supremacy he left college before taking his degree. He married a Protestant in 1593 and fathered two children, one of whom survived birth and was baptised in a Protestant church. In 1601 he took part in the Essex Rebellion but was captured and fined, after which he sold his estate at Chastleton. The Protestant James I, who became King of England in 1603, was less tolerant of Catholicism than his followers had hoped. He planned to kill him by blowing up the House of Lords with gunpowder during the State Opening of Parliament, the prelude to a popular revolt during which a Catholic monarch would be restored to the English throne. A letter sent anonymously to William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, alerted the authorities, and on the eve of the planned explosion, during a search of Parliament,. Fawkes was found guarding the barrels of gunpowder. News of his arrest caused the other plotters to flee London, warning Cates by along their way. With a much-diminished group of followers, he made a stand at Holbeche House in Staffordshire, against a 200-strong company of armed men. He was shot and later found dead, clutching a picture of the Virgin Mary. As a warning to others, his body was exhumed and subsequently decapitated, his head exhibited outside Parliament.
The Earl of Essex’s purpose might have lain in furthering his own interests rather than those of those of the Catholic Church, but he reverted to a more fanatical Catholicism after his wife’s death. The failure of the plot was a failure however, and CatesBy was imprisoned at Wood Street, and later captured and imprisoned, and the Counter-Counter-Rebel was captured, and he was imprisoned, captured and captured at Woodstreet, in 1601. In 1586 Robert was educated at Gloucester Hall in Oxford, a college noted for its Catholic intake, and may then have attended the seminary college of Douai. His father had suffered years of imprisonment for his faith, and in 1581 had been tried in Star Chamber alongside William Vaux, 3rd Baron Vaux of Harrowden, and his brother-in-law Sir Thomas Tresham, for harbouring the Jesuit Edmund Campion. From the death of his grandmother the following year he inherited a property at Chasstleton, in Oxfordshire. The couple’s first son William died in infancy, but their second son Robert survived, and was Baptised at St Ledger’s Protestant church on 11 November 1595. When his father died in 1598, his estates at Ashby St Ledgers were left to his wife and his family remained happy to remain a Papist Church. After that year he became radicalised and later that year became a morefanatical Catholicism.