The Noronha skink is a species of skink from the island of Fernando de NoronHA off northeastern Brazil. It is covered with dark and light spots on the upperparts and is usually about 7 to 10 cm in length. The tail is long and muscular, but breaks off easily. Introduced predators such as feral cats prey on it and several parasitic worms infect it.
About Noronha skink in brief
The Noronha skink is a species of skink from the island of Fernando de NoronHA off northeastern Brazil. It is covered with dark and light spots on the upperparts and is usually about 7 to 10 cm in length. The tail is long and muscular, but breaks off easily. The species is classified in the otherwise mostly African genus Trachylepis and is thought to have reached its island from Africa by rafting. Introduced predators such as feral cats prey on it and several parasitic worms infect it. Perhaps seen by Amerigo Vespucci in 1503, it was first formally described in 1839. Its subsequent taxonomic history has been complex, riddled with confusion with other species, homonyms, and other problems. In 2002, P. Mausfeld and D. Vrcibradic re-examined the holotype, which is the only known specimen. They suggested that it was not the same as T. atlantica, but larger, and lacks well-developed keels on its dorsal scales. They also suggested that its original locality may have been correct. Although it may represent a valid species of southern African Trachlepis, the name Trach Lepis punctatissima is preoccupied by Euprepes punctatisseimus A. Smith, 1849.
In 1900, L. G. Andersson claimed that the name puncta punctata Lineus, 1758, which he identified as Mabuya homalocephala, was preoccupied. In 1931, Curtuya Burtuata resurrected the name Mabuia maculata for the skink of Fernando de Noronha’s island, in fact referring to the Asian species Lygosoma punctata in fact refers to the puncta puncta puncta in fact in fact not to Mabouya homalophala Puncta Homalocecece Lacna. In 1951, E. C. Curti resurrected the name Mabooya maculta for the skink of Fernando de Noron De Noro, but it remains invalid, but remains a junior synonym for Maboya p punctata. In 2007, the species was referred to as Tiliqua maculata, which was said to occur both on Fernando de Noro’s island and in Guyana. In 2009, a new name was given to the species, Tiliqua punctatissa, which has been used ever since. The enigmatic Trach Lepis tschudii, supposedly from Peru, may well be the same species. In an early account of what may be Fernando De-Noron island, purportedly based on a voyage by Amerigo Vespucci, the island was said to be inhabited by “lizards with two tails”, which is thought to be a reference to the Noron ha skink.