Law school of Beirut
The law school of Berytus was a center for the study of Roman law in classical antiquity. It flourished under the patronage of the Roman emperors and functioned as the Roman Empire’s preeminent center of jurisprudence until its destruction in AD 551. The origins of the law school are obscure, but probably it was under Augustus in the first century.
About Law school of Beirut in brief
The law school of Berytus was a center for the study of Roman law in classical antiquity. It flourished under the patronage of the Roman emperors and functioned as the Roman Empire’s preeminent center of jurisprudence until its destruction in AD 551. Beirut was one of the few schools allowed to continue teaching juris Prudence when Byzantine emperor Justinian I shut down other provincial law schools. The course of study at Beirut lasted for five years and consisted in the revision and analysis of classical legal texts and imperial constitutions, in addition to case discussions. The school’s facilities were destroyed in the aftermath of a massive earthquake that hit the Phoenician coastline. It was moved to Sidon but did not survive the Arab conquest of 635 AD. The edict repositories and the imperially sponsored legal scholarship gave rise to the earliest law school system of the Western world, aimed specifically at training professional jurists. The earliest written mention of the school dates to 238–239 AD, when its reputation had already been established. It attracted young, affluent Roman citizens, and its professors made major contributions to the Codex of Justinian. The origins of the law school are obscure, but probably it was under Augustus in the first century. The city was chosen to serve as a repository for edicts concerning the eastern provinces. After arriving in Beirut, these were published and published and translated into Greek, but the earliest date of the earliest constitutions contained in the Gregorian Codex, recorded in 196 AD, is thought to have served as earlier times.
In the 4th century, Greek rhetorus Liboranius reported that the law schools of Caesarea Maritima and Alexandria lacked jurists to learn of the most recent imperial decrees. The 3rd-rd-century emperors Diocletian and Maximian issued constitutions exempting the students from compulsory service in their law school from their service in the service of their hometown. The law school allowed the Beirutiists to consult archived documents and for students to learn about the law of the empire. It is thought that the school allowed them to refer to legal precedents, which was an advantage in the 3rd century. It also allowed the students to practice law in their hometown and in other parts of the world. It has been suggested that its founding may have been directed by locally born Emperor Alexander Severus, who reigned during AD 222–235; this hypothesis had been supported by Gilles Ménage, a late 17th-century French scholar. Other early written sources do not mention when the lawSchool was established, and the date is much debated among modern historians and scholars. It was first mentioned in writing as a major center of law in the 239 works of Gregory Thaumaturgus, the bishop of Neo-Caesarea. Theodor Mommsen linked the establishment of thelaw school in Beirut with the need for jurists, since the city was choosing to serve a repository of imperial edicts.