Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston, while Lancaster is still the county town. The population of Lancashire in the 1971 census was 5,118,405, making it the most heavily populated county in the United Kingdom at the time.
About Lancashire in brief
Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston, while Lancaster is still the county town. The population of Lancashire in the 1971 census was 5,118,405, making it the most heavily populated county in the United Kingdom at the time. The historic county was subject to boundary reform in 1974 which created the current ceremonial county and removed Liverpool and Manchester, and most of their surrounding conurbations. Today the ceremonial county borders Cumbria to the north, Greater Manchester and Merseyside to the south, and North and West Yorkshire to the east; with a coastline on the Irish Sea to the west. The county was established in 1182, later than many other counties. During Roman times the area was part of the Brigantes tribal area in the military zone of Roman Britain. The towns of Manchester, Lancaster, Ribchester, Burrow, Elslack and Castleshaw grew around Roman forts. In the centuries after the Roman withdrawal in 410AD the northern parts of the county probably formed part of the Brythonic kingdom of Rheged, a successor entity to the brigantes tribe. In Domesday Book of 1086, some of its lands were treated as part of Yorkshire. The land that lay between the Ribble and Mersey, Inter Ripam et Mersam, was included in the returns for Cheshire. Although some historians consider this to mean certain territory, it is by no means certain that it is also part of Cheshire, or even West Yorkshire.
It is also claimed that the north of the West Riding of Yorkshire, including the north sands of Morecambe and South Lonsdale, formed the territory of West Yorkshire, and Cheshire was divided into the hundreds of Amounderness, Blackburn, Leyland, Blackburn and Leyland. The detached northern part of Lancaster in the Lake District, including Furness Peninsula and Cartmel, was merged with Cumberland and Westmorland to form Cumbrian. By the 1830s, approximately 85% of all cotton manufactured worldwide was processed in Lancashir. Blackpool was a centre for tourism for the inhabitants of Lancoshire’s mill towns, particularly during wakes week. The city of Preston is now the largest city in the county, with a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1.189 square miles. It was once the largest cotton mill town in the world, with the cotton milling industry dominating global trade and the birth of modern industrial capitalism. The town of Accrington was one of the major cotton mill towns of the 19th century, and is still a major tourist destination today. It has been the scene of many famous sporting events, such as the FA Cup final and the World Cup final, and has been home to a number of professional football teams, including Manchester United, Liverpool and Leeds United. It also played a major role in the development of the railways in the 1960s and 1970s.