Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The city has a population of 547,627 and lies within the United Kingdom’s second-most populous urban area. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. Manchester was the host city for the 2002 Commonwealth Games.
About Manchester in brief
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The city has a population of 547,627 and lies within the United Kingdom’s second-most populous urban area. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, which was established in about AD 79. Manchester’s unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, and resulted in it becoming the world’s first industrialised city. Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles to the west. Manchester was the host city for the 2002 Commonwealth Games. At the University of Manchester, Ernest Rutherford first split the atom in 1917, Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn and Geoff Tootill developed the world’s first stored-program computer in 1948, and Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov isolated the first graphene in 2004. The name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamu calcium or its variant MancUnio and the citizens are still referred to as Manc unians. The suffix -chester is from Old English ceaster. In the Domesday Book of 1086, Manchester is recorded as the hundred of Salford and held as chief by a Norman lord named Roger of Poitou, later Grelley.
The oldest public library, which opened in 1653 and is still open to public today, is the Chetham’s Library, which is the oldest public reference library in the UK. The college of music was founded in the 17th century by Thomas de la la Warre, and is now the domestic house of the Music School of Manchester. In the 19th century, Manchester became the home of the Manchester School of Music and Music, the first public music college in the world. The school’s premises are still open today, and it is the largest music school in the country, with more than 2,000 students. The university is one of the leading centres of music education in Britain. It was founded by Sir Thomas Cheam in 1776 and is located on the site of the former Cheam’s Music School. The first music college was opened in the 18th century and is known as the Cheam School of music and Music. Manchester is home to the Manchester College of Music, a music college and music school, and the Manchester Institute of Technology. The University of the Arts is located in the centre of the city and is the only university in the north-west of England to offer a degree in English. It has a reputation for producing fine music and has been home to some of the UK’s most famous artists, including Sir Paul McCartney, Sir Paul Walker, Sir Chris Hoy and Sir Alex Ferguson.