Gateway Protection Programme
The Gateway Protection Programme is operated by the British government in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. It offers a legal route for a quota of UNHCR-identified refugees to be resettled in the United Kingdom. Since 2008, it has been co-funded by the European Union. All UK resettlement schemes have been suspended since March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
About Gateway Protection Programme in brief
The Gateway Protection Programme is a scheme operated by the British government in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. It offers a legal route for a quota of UNHCR-identified refugees to be resettled in the United Kingdom. Since 2008, it has been co-funded by the European Union, first through the European Refugee Fund and then through its successor, the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund. All UK resettlement schemes have been suspended since March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The programme is the UK’s \”quota refugee\” resettlement scheme. Refugees designated as particularly vulnerable by the UNHCR are assessed by the Home Office for eligibility under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. If they meet the eligibility criteria they are brought to the UK and granted indefinite leave to remain. Once in the UK, refugees are entered into a 12-month support programme intended to aid their integration. It is distinct from and in addition to ordinary provisions for claiming asylum in the U.S. Other, informal resettlement programmes include the Mandate Refugee Scheme, and the UK has also participated in the Ten or More Plan. The former is for so-called \”mandate\” refugees who have been granted refugee status by UNHCR in third countries. The Ten or more Plan is for refugees requiring medical attention not available in their current location. During the 1990s, 2,620 refugees were settled in theUK through these two programmes. Refugees have also been resettleled through specific programmes following emergencies.
For example, over 22,500 Vietnamese refugees were resettling during 1979 during the following following year. In 2000, the UK had a resettlement goal of 10 people and the Mandates Refugee Scheme 300. In 2003, the British Home Office provided £29. 97 million in funding and the EU £18. 67 million. In 2020, the government plans to merge the Gateway Protection programme with the UK’s other resettlement programmes to create a new, single resettlement scheme, but this has not yet been agreed with the European Council of Ministers. The Refugee Council argues that the programme ‘is rarely talked about and the Home office, in the main, stay fairly quiet about it.’ The programme has enjoyed broad support from UK’s main political parties. Of the 18 local authorities participating as resettlement locations by 2012, eight are in the North West region of England and three in Yorkshire and the Humber. It has been praised as having a positive impact on the reception of refugees by local communities, but have also noted the difficulties these refugees have faced in securing employment. The International Organization for Migration helps facilitate pre-departure medical screening, counselling, dossier preparation, transport and immediate arrival assistance. This was passed by the House of Commons by 36 votes to 74 in June 2002, following the ninth attempt, following concern about the introduction of detention measures for asylum seekers. The legal basis was established by the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the programme itself launched in March 2004.