England national rugby union team
The England national rugby union team represents England in men’s international rugby union. They compete in the annual Six Nations Championship with France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. England have won the championship on 29 occasions – winning the Grand Slam 13 times and the Triple Crown 26 times. They are currently the only team from the Northern Hemisphere to win the Rugby World Cup, having won the tournament in 2003. Four former players have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame.
About England national rugby union team in brief
The England national rugby union team represents England in men’s international rugby union. They compete in the annual Six Nations Championship with France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. England have won the championship on 29 occasions – winning the Grand Slam 13 times and the Triple Crown 26 times – making them the most successful outright winners in the tournament’s history. They are currently the only team from the Northern Hemisphere to win the Rugby World Cup, having won the tournament in 2003. The history of the team extends back to 1871 when the English rugby team played their first official test match, losing 1–0 to Scotland. England’s home ground is Twickenham Stadium where they first played in 1910. The team is administered by the Rugby Football Union. Four former players have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame. Seven other former players are members of the IRB Hall – four solely for their accomplishments as players, two solely for achievements in other roles in the sport, and one for achievements both as a player and administrator. The first international match was against Scotland on 27 March 1871; not only was this England’s first match, but it is also noted as being the first rugby union international. The expansion of rugby in the first half of the 19th century was driven by former pupils from many of England’s public schools, especially Rugby, who, upon finishing school, took the game with them to universities, to London, and to the counties. The early matches did not use a structured points system; this would not be introduced until after 1890 when a suitable format for the scoring system had been devised.
Up until 1875, international rugby matches were decided by the number of goals scored, but from 1876 theNumber of tries scored could be used to decide a match if the teams were level on goals. England defeated Scotland in 1880 to become the first winners of the Calcutta Cup. Two years later, England emerged as the inaugural winners at the Home Nations championship when they defeated the New Zealand Natives at Blackheath. In 1889, they played first match against a non-home nations team when they shared the trophy with Scotland in 1890. They first played against New Zealand in 1905, South Africa in 1906, and Australia in 1909. England played France for the first time in March 1906, winning 35–8 in Paris, and later that year they first faced South Africa again at Crystal Palace. In January 1909, England played the first match against Australia at Blackheath, winning 15–3. The match was drawn 3–3 when the South Africans refused to play against a black player; James Peters was withdrawn from the England squad when the match was played at Crystal Palace. The next year England played New Zealand at Crystal Palace, scoring five tries, worth three points, to win 15–0 at the time. England won the Championship again in 1910, but did not win the championship again until 1910. England was one of the teams invited to take part in the inaugural rugby World Cup in 1987 and progressed to the final in the second tournament in 1991, losing 12–6 to Australia.