Convention of 1833
56 delegates met in San Felipe de Austin to draft a series of petitions to the Alamo. Delegates also requested customs exemptions and asked that a ban on immigration into Texas be lifted. The most controversial item was for Texas to become an independent state, separate from Coahuilla y Tejas.
About Convention of 1833 in brief
The Convention of 1833 was a political gathering of settlers in Mexican Texas. 56 delegates met in San Felipe de Austin to draft a series of petitions to the Alamo. The proposed constitution was largely patterned on US political principles. Delegates also requested customs exemptions and asked that a ban on immigration into Texas be lifted. Some residents complained that this convention, like its predecessor, was illegal. In 1832, General Antonio López de Santa Anna led a revolt against President Anastasio Bustamante’s centralist government. In October Austin wrote a letter encouraging Texans to form their own state government. This letter was forwarded to the Mexican government and Austin was imprisoned in early 1834. The previous convention had annulled the resolutions because the political process had not been followed. The law directed citizens to protest their local ayuntamiento, which would forward their concerns to the political chief. The chief could then escalate the appropriate governmental authority to escalate the concerns to a higher level. They urged patience; Bustamantes was still the president and would not look favorably on a petition from a rival settler who had recently sided with his rival. They agreed with the result of the convention but opposed the methods by which the resolutions had been proposed by which they had been adopted. The most controversial item was for Texas to become an independent state, separate from Coahuila y Tejas. They also agreed to pursue independent statehood for the province, which was at the time part of the state of Coahuilla y Te Jas.
The convention’s agenda largely mirrored that of the Convention of1832, but delegates also agreed that the province should be independent from the rest of the country. It was held in San Antonio de Béxar and Victoria, but the two municipalities with the largest Tejano populations, San Antonio and Victoria refused to participate. It adopted a set of resolutions that requested changes in the governance of Texas. It also adopted a list of resolutions to create a seven-member central committee to convene future meetings. The last meeting took place in Austin in 1834 and was attended by Stephen F. Austin, the president of the University of Texas at San Antonio, and other prominent Texians. The first Texas statehood convention was in 1835. The second was in Austin, Texas in 1836 and the last one in Houston in 1838. It followed the success of the revolt against the centralist president, who was overthrown in 1833. The Convention of 1840 was the first to address the issue of statehood in the state. It met in Austin and was followed by a second convention in San Francisco in 1841. The third convention in Austin was the last before the statehood issue was addressed in 1844 and 1845. The fourth convention in Houston was the third and final one in Austin. The final convention in 1846 was the second and final meeting in San Felipe de Austin, and the fourth in Austin in 1847.