The Chicago Eight became the Chicago Seven after the case against co-defendant Bobby Seale was declared a mistrial during the trial. All of the convictions were later reversed after an appeal. The defendants and their attorneys have been represented in a variety of art, film, music, and theater.
About Chicago Seven in brief
The Chicago Seven were seven defendants charged with conspiracy, crossing state lines with intent to incite a riot, and other charges related to anti-Vietnam War and countercultural protests in Chicago, Illinois during the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The Chicago Eight became the Chicago Seven after the case against co-defendant Bobby Seale was declared a mistrial during the trial. All of the convictions were later reversed after an appeal. The defendants and their attorneys have been represented in a variety of art, film, music, and theater. The Yippies nominated their own candidate for president: a 145-pound pig, who was promptly arrested and taken to the Civic Center Plaza by police. On Saturday, August 24, Lincoln Park was cleared without incident, with many protesters leading out of the park before 11 p.m. By the weekend before the convention, about 2,000 demonstrators had set up camp in Lincoln Park without curfew. The Black Panther Party and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference also sent representatives to protest during the convention week. On Friday, August 23, the Yippie candidate, Frank Kusch, was released to the public and promptly arrested by police as he was viewed by journalists. In March, as protests continued to grow against the Vietnam War and Eugene McCarthy’s presidential campaign became surprisingly strong, President Lyndon Johnson withdrew from the race for the nomination. In April, the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. ignited devastating urban riots in Chicago and other cities. In May, a group known as MOBE opened a Chicago office directed by Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, who were former leaders of Students for a Democratic Society.
A week before the start of the convention,. MOBe organizers sued in federal court to obtain permits to use the parks, but were denied on August 23. On August 24,. Lincoln Park in Chicago was almost cleared without curfew, with about 1,500 demonstrators leading out before 11p.m., with many leading protesters out before the curfew, including Jerry Rubin, Allen Ginsberg, and Phil Ochs, while Pigasus was released after they each posted a USD 25 bond. In July, the Daley administration refused almost all requests to give demonstrators permits to sleep in the parks. In August, the police arrested five of the defendants and sentenced them to jail sentences ranging from less than three months to more than four years. In September, the defendants were acquitted of conspiracy; Hoffman, Rubin, Dellinger, Hayden, and Davis were charged with and convicted of crossing statelines with intent of inciting a riot; Froines and Weiner were charged for teaching demonstrators how to construct incendiary devices and acquitted of those charges. In October, the charges against Hoffman and Rubin were dropped; Weiner was acquitted of all charges; and the convictions against the other defendants were also later reversed by a federal judge. In November, the seven defendants were released after posting a $25 bond; they were later released after each posted $25,000 bond; and they were reunited with their attorneys.