James Bond (literary character)
James Bond is a fictional character created by British journalist and novelist Ian Fleming in 1953. He is the protagonist of the James Bond series of novels, films, comics and video games. Fleming wrote twelve Bond novels and two short story collections. His final two books—The Man with the Golden Gun and Octopussy and The Living Daylights —were published posthumously.
About James Bond (literary character) in brief
James Bond is a fictional character created by British journalist and novelist Ian Fleming in 1953. He is the protagonist of the James Bond series of novels, films, comics and video games. Fleming wrote twelve Bond novels and two short story collections. His final two books—The Man with the Golden Gun and Octopussy and The Living Daylights —were published posthumously. The character is a Secret Intelligence Service agent, code number 007, residing in London but active internationally. Fleming claimed that Bond’s name was appropriated from the American ornithologist of the same name; however, new reports have emerged claiming Fleming may have got the name from a Welsh agent he served with, one James C. Bond. Fleming based his creation on a number of individuals which he came across during his time in the Naval Intelligence Division during the Second World War, admitting that Bond was a compound of all the secret agents and commando types I met during the war. In 2016, a BBC Radio 4 documentary explored the possibility that the character of James Bond was created by 20th Century author and mentor to Fleming, Phyllis Bottome in 1946, her novel The Lifeline Disteline. Fleming took the name for his spy character from his friend and mentor Nigel West, a British writer of the time, Nigel West Popmers, who also wrote Bond novels. There have been 26 Bond films; seven actors have played Bond in these films.
As a spin-off from the original literary work, there was a television adaptation of the first novel, Casino Royale, in which Bond was depicted as an American agent. A comic strip series also ran in the Daily Express newspaper. The central character in Ian Fleming’s work is James Bond, an intelligence officer in the \”Secret Service\”. Bond is also known by the codeNumber 007 and, like Fleming, was portrayed as a Commander in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and World War II veteran. Among those types were Fleming’s brother, Peter, whom Fleming worshipped and who had been involved in behind the lines operations in Norway and Greece during the War. Aside from Fleming’s own brother, other people also provided some aspects of Bond’s make up, including Conrad O’Brien-ffrench, a skiing spy whom Fleming had met in Kitzbühel in the 1930s, Patrick Dalzel-Job, who served with distinction in 30s, and Bill Billiffy Dunderdale, head of MI6 station in Paris, who wore cufflinks and chauffeured around in a Rolls-Royce. Fleming went on to write a total of 12 Bond novels before his death on 12 August 1964. The last two books, The Man With the Golden gun and Octoopsy and The living Daylights, were published post-humously; they were written by Kingsley Amis, Sebastian Faulks, Jeffery Deaver, and William Boyd. A series of Bond novels based on Bond’s youth—Young Bond—was written by Charlie Higson.