Antiochus X Eusebes
Antiochus X Eusebes Philopator was a Hellenistic Seleucid monarch who reigned as the King of Syria between 95 BC and 92 BC or 8988 BC. He was the son of Antiochus IX and perhaps his Egyptian wife Cleopatra IV. His reign was characterized by civil wars, foreign interference by Ptolemaic Egypt and incursions by the Parthians.
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Antiochus X Eusebes Philopator was a Hellenistic Seleucid monarch who reigned as the King of Syria between 95 BC and 92 BC or 8988 BC. He was the son of Antiochus IX and perhaps his Egyptian wife Cleopatra IV. His reign was characterized by civil wars, foreign interference by Ptolemaic Egypt and incursions by the Parthians. The year of his demise is traditionally given by modern scholars as 92 BC, but other dates are also possible including the year 224 SE. The most reliable account of his end is that of the first century historian Josephus, who wrote that Antiochus X marched east to fight off theParthians who were attacking a queen called Laodice. Other accounts exist: the ancient Greek historian Appian has Antiochus X defeated by the Armenian king Tigranes II and losing his kingdom. The second century BC witnessed the disintegration of the Syria-based Seleukid Empire due to never-ending dynastic feuds and foreign Egyptian and Roman interference. Amid constant civil wars,. Syria fell to pieces. Seleucaid pretenders fought for the throne, tearing the country apart. Egypt and Syria attempted dynastic marriages to maintain a degree of peace. The capital Antioch received its deference in deference to Antiochus I; many SeleUCid kings bore it as the name of the dynasty’s founder. According to the Josephus account, following the death of his father, AntiochusX went to the city of Aradus where he declared himself king.
It is possible that he sent his son to that city for protection, before facing the descendants of his descendants of the late Antiochus VIII. As he would not have been able to subdue it by force, he would have made an alliance with it, meaning that he was an independent city since 137 BC, since that city had been independent since 137BC. He had several children with her, including a future king Antiochus XIII. His death is shrouded in mystery. Some historians, such as John D. Grainger, maintain the existence of a first wife unknown by name who was the mother of Antiochos X. Others, such. Auguste Bouché-Leclercq, believe that the first wife of AntiochUS IX and the mother. of his son was Cleopatriot IV, in which case Antiochusx would have been born in c. 113 BC. The siblings fought relentlessly for a decade and a half until Antiochus VII was killed in 96 BC. The following year, AntiochUS VIII’s son Seleucerus VI marched against Antiochus VI and killed him near the Syrian capital Antioch. Antiochus XII was killed near the Damascus River in 114 BC, and he was succeeded by Demetrius III, who controlled the capital Antioch by c. 225 SE. He married several times; known wives are his cousin Cleopatre IV of Egypt, whom he married in 114BC, and her sisterCleopatra Selene, the widow of Antiochu VIII.
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