Angela Merkel

Angela Dorothea Merkel is a German politician who has been Chancellor of Germany since 2005. Merkel is the longest-serving incumbent head of government in the European Union. She is the first woman to be elected chancellor and the first chancellor since German reunification to have been raised in the former East Germany. Merkel announced that she would stand down as Leader of the CDU at the party convention in December 2018, and would not seek a fifth term as Chancellor in 2021.

About Angela Merkel in brief

Summary Angela MerkelAngela Dorothea Merkel is a German politician who has been Chancellor of Germany since 2005. Merkel is the longest-serving incumbent head of government in the European Union. She is the first woman to be elected chancellor and the first chancellor since German reunification to have been raised in the former East Germany. In October 2018, Merkel announced that she would stand down as Leader of the CDU at the party convention in December 2018, and would not seek a fifth term as Chancellor in 2021. Merkel was born in Hamburg in then-West Germany, moving to East Germany as an infant when her father, a Lutheran clergyman, received a pastorate in Perleberg. She obtained a doctorate in quantum chemistry in 1986 and worked as a research scientist until 1989. Merkel entered politics in the wake of the Revolutions of 1989, briefly serving as deputy spokesperson for the first democratically elected East German Government led by Lothar de Maizière. In 2007, Merkel served as President of the European Council and played a central role in the negotiation of the Treaty of Lisbon and the Berlin Declaration. Merkel played a crucial role in managing the global financial crisis and the European debt crisis. She negotiated a stimulus package in 2008 focusing on infrastructure spending and public investment to counteract the Great Recession. In domestic policy, Merkel’s program has focused on future energy development, seeking to phase out nuclear power in Germany, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and increase renewable energy sources.

In her childhood, Merkel was known by her peers as ‘Kasi’, derived from her last name Kasner. Her grandfather, Ludwik Kasner, was a German policeman of Polish ethnicity who had taken part in the struggle for independence in the early 20th century. He married Merkel’s grandmother Margarethe Kasner and they have two younger siblings, a physicist, a teacher of English and Latin, and an occupational therapist. In 1930, they relocated to Berlin and moved to Danzig, where he worked in the police. Merkel’s maternal grandparents were German police officers of Polish descent. She has been a member of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since childhood. She served as Leader. of the Opposition from 2002 to 2005 and as Leader from 2000 to 2018. In 2014, she became the longest serving incumbent head. of government of the EU, and was the senior G7 leader from 2011 to 2012. In 2013, Merkel won a landslide victory with 41. 5% of the vote and formed a second grand coalition with the SPD, after the FDP lost all of its representation in the Bundestag. At the 2017 federal election, Merkel led the. CDU to become the largest party for the fourth time, and she was sworn in for a joint-record fourth term asChancellor on 14 March 2018. She has two younger. siblings, Marcus Kasner and Irene Kasner, born in Danzig and her younger. brother is a physicist and a occupational therapist, born in Herlind.