Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield
Albert Henry Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield, TD, PC, born Albert Henry Knattriess, was a British-American businessman. He was managing director, then chairman of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London from 1910 to 1933. He also chaired the London Passenger Transport Board from 1933 to 1947. He served in the U.S. Navy during the short Spanish–American War.
About Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield in brief
Albert Henry Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield, TD, PC, born Albert Henry Knattriess, was a British-American businessman. He was managing director, then chairman of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London from 1910 to 1933. He also chaired the London Passenger Transport Board from 1933 to 1947. His early career was in the United States, where at a young age, he held senior positions in the developing tramway systems of Detroit and New Jersey. In 1898, he served in the U.S. Navy during the short Spanish–American War. Stanley was Member of Parliament for Ashton-under-Lyne from December 1916 to January 1920 and was President of the Board of Trade between December 1916 and May 1919. He returned to the UERL and then chaired it and its successor the LPTB during the organisation’s greatest period of expansion between the two World Wars, making it a world-respected organisation considered an exemplar of the best form of public administration. In 1908, Stanley joined the company’s board and, in 1910, he became the managing director. With Commercial Manager Frank Pick, he devised a plan to increase passenger numbers by developing a joint booking system and co-ordinated all London’s underground railways, including those controlled by the UerL. He died in London in 1947, aged 87, and was buried at St Paul’s Cathedral, London, with his wife and two daughters, Marian Stanley and Grace Stanley. He is survived by his wife, Marian, and their two daughters: Grace Stanley and Marian Stanley, both of whom were born in Detroit, New Jersey and Marian Stanley, of New York, New York City, respectively.
The family changed its name to ‘Stanley’ during the 1890s, the family changed their name to \”Stanley\”. In 1888, at the age of 14, Stanley left school and went to work as an office boy at the Detroit Street Railway Company, which ran a horse-drawn tram system. He continued to study at evening school and worked long hours, often from 7. 30 am to 10. 00 pm. In 1903, Stanley moved to New Jersey to become assistant general manager of the street railway department of the Public Service Corporation of New Jersey, where he was given responsibility for scheduling the services and preparing the timetables when he was 17. In January 1907, Stanley became general manager of the whole corporation, running a network of almost 1,000 route miles and 25,000 employees. On 20 February 1907, Sir George Gibb, managing director of the underground railways Company of London, appointed Stanley as its general manager. The company was the holding company of four underground railways in central London. Three of these were already in operation and the fourth was about to open. The cost of constructing three new lines in just a few years had put the company in a precarious monetary position and income was not sufficient to pay the interest on its loans. Stanley’s responsibility was to restore its finances.
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