Yemen is a country at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is the second-largest Arab sovereign state in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 square kilometres. In ancient times, Yemen was the home of the Sabaeans, a trading state that included parts of modern-day Ethiopia and Eritrea. The name Yemen is related to yamn or yumn, meaning ‘felicity orlessicity’ or ‘the land of the dark-skinned people’
About Yemen in brief
Yemen is a country at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is the second-largest Arab sovereign state in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 square kilometres. In ancient times, Yemen was the home of the Sabaeans, a trading state that included parts of modern-day Ethiopia and Eritrea. Christianity arrived in the fourth century and Islam spread quickly in the seventh century. Several dynasties emerged in the 9th to 16th centuries, the Rasulid dynasty being the most successful. The country was divided between the Ottoman and British empires in the 1800s. South Yemen remained a British protectorate as the Aden Protectorate until 1967 when it became an independent state and later, a Marxist-Leninist state. The two Yemeni states united to form the modern Republic of Yemen in 1990. President Ali Abdullah Saleh was the first president of the new republic until his resignation in 2012 in the wake of the Arab Spring. Since then, the country has been in a civil war with several proto-state entities claiming to govern Yemen. At least 56,000 civilians and combatants have been killed in armed violence in Yemen since January 2016. The war has resulted in a famine affecting 17 million people. The lack of safe drinking water, caused by depleted aquifers and the destruction of the country’s water infrastructure, has also caused the largest, fastest-spreading cholera outbreak in modern history, with the number of suspected cases exceeding 994,751. In 2019, the United Nations reported that Yemen is the country with the most people in need of humanitarian aid, about 24 million people, or 85% of its population.
As of 2020, Yemen is placed the highest in Fragile State Index, the second worst in Global Hunger Index, only being surpassed by the Central African Republic, and has the lowest Human Development Index out of all non-African countries. The term Yamnat was mentioned in Old South Arabian inscriptions on the title of one of the kings of the second Himyarite kingdom known as Shammar Yahrʽish II. The term referred to the southern coastline between Aden and Hadramout. The name Yemen is related to yamn or yumn, meaning ‘felicity orlessicity’ or ‘the land of the dark-skinned people’ The Romans called it Yemen Arabia, which arose from the Persians who came into contact with South Arabia by the next year. The current nation, probably probably included much of the current coastline in southern Oman, and significantly plays on the notion of ‘South’ and ‘Yemen’ The current president of Yemen is Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who took over the presidency in 2012 following the resignation of President Saleh in the aftermath of theArab Spring. He is the first person to hold the position since the Arab League, United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. The United Nations reports that Yemen belongs to the least developed country group, referring to its numerous’severe structural impediments to sustainable development’