Yarralumla, Australian Capital Territory
Yarralumla is a large inner south suburb of Canberra, the capital city of Australia. Located approximately 3.5 kilometres south-west of the city, it extends along the south- west bank of Lake Burley Griffin. In recent years, it has become one of Canberra’s most desirable and expensive residential suburbs because of its wide leafy streets, attractive lakeside setting and central location.
About Yarralumla, Australian Capital Territory in brief
Yarralumla is a large inner south suburb of Canberra, the capital city of Australia. Located approximately 3.5 kilometres south-west of the city, it extends along the south- west bank of Lake Burley Griffin. In 1828, Henry Donnison, a Sydney merchant, was granted a lease on the western side of Stirling Ridge. Donnison’s land was named Yarralumala in a survey of the area conducted in 1834, apparently after the indigenous people’s term for the area. The modern suburb was gazetted by the government in 1928 and as of 2011 was home to approximately 3,000 people and many diplomatic missions. In recent years, it has become one of Canberra’s most desirable and expensive residential suburbs because of its wide leafy streets, attractive lakeside setting and central location. The area is part of two original land grants, which were granted to settlers for the establishment of farms in 1828 and 1830. Most of the older streets in the suburb are laid out on an approximately rectangular grid with some curved sections, while the more hilly eastern end of the suburb, including the embassy district, is set out with contour-guided roads. The streets are named after Australian governors and botanists. The embassy area is located towards the eastern end. of Yarralmla next to Stirling Park. It is the hilliest area of YarRALumla; Parliament House and the Parliamentary Triangle are located nearby. The suburb is one of the largest suburbs in Canberra by area, but its population remains quite small because more than half of its area consists of open space or non-residential development, including Weston and Stirling Parks, the Royal Canberra Golf Club, and the grounds of Government House.
The formation is evidence of the last major marine sedimentary period when eastern Australia was still covered by shallow seas. It shows fossil evidence of trilobites, coral and primitive crinoids and is now called the Yarralomla brickworks quarry and the Deakin anticline. It extends from Red Hill and Woden in the South to Lake Burly Griffin in to the north, passing under the suburb of Yarralsumla. It was formed around 425 million years ago during the Silurian Period, and is easily studied and easily studied by amateur geologists and paleontologists. It has been named after the local people, who apparently used the name ‘Yarrolumla’ to refer to the area by the local Aboriginal people in the 1830s and 1840s. The name was also spelt ‘yarrol’ in other documents and is believed to have been used by the Aboriginal people as a derogatory term for people from the north-east of the country. The street names include Banks Street, Novar Street and Hopetoun Circuit in a north-south direction and Schlich Street, Loftus Street and Weston Street running east-west. Access to the suburb can be made from Adelaide Avenue, Commonwealth Avenue, Lady Denman Drive and Cotter Road, all of which run along the borders of the region.