Winter service vehicle
A winter service vehicle is a vehicle specially designed or adapted to clear thoroughfares of ice and snow. Winter service vehicles are usually based on a dump truck chassis, with adaptations allowing them to carry specially designed snow removal equipment. The earliest winter service vehicles were snow rollers, designed to maintain a smooth, even road surface for sleds. Airports use winter service cars to keep aircraft surfaces, and runways and taxiways free of snow.
About Winter service vehicle in brief
A winter service vehicle is a vehicle specially designed or adapted to clear thoroughfares of ice and snow. Winter service vehicles are usually based on a dump truck chassis, with adaptations allowing them to carry specially designed snow removal equipment. The earliest winter service vehicles were snow rollers, designed to maintain a smooth, even road surface for sleds. The increase in motor car traffic and aviation in the early 20th century led to the development and popularisation of large motorised winter service Vehicles. Many authorities also use smaller vehicles on sidewalks, footpaths, and cycleways. In Canada, pickup trucks are used with snow removal operations with a blade mounted in the front and optional de-icing equipment in the rear. In most countries, most winter vehicles usually have amber lights mounted on the chassis, to make them more evenly distributed between axles and axles, distributing stresses more evenly on the road. In the UK, amber lights are used by some agencies and are mounted between the axles of the vehicle’s plowing axles to distribute stresses on the roadway more evenly. In Australia, amber bars are used on the axle of the snow plowing vehicles to distribute the stresses between the snow and ice on the roads more evenly, and to improve maneuverability for the plow. In New Zealand, the amber light is used by road maintenance agencies and contractors in temperate or polar areas to keep the roads clear and safe for driving during winter. Airports use winter service cars to keep aircraft surfaces, and runways and taxiways free of snow, which, besides endangering aircraft takeoff and landing, can interfere with the aerodynamics of the craft.
The first motorised snowplows were developed in 1913, based on truck and tractor bodies. These machines allowed the mechanisation of snow clearing process, reducing the labor required for snow removal and increasing the speed and efficiency of the process. Some communities even employed snow wardens to spread or \”pave\” snow onto exposed areas such as bridges, to allow sleds to use these routes. As environmental awareness increased through the 1960s and 1970s, gritting once again came under criticism due to its environmental impact, leading to thedevelopment of alternative de- icing chemicals and more efficient spreading systems. The earliest patents for snowplow date back to 1840, but there are no records of their actual use until 1862, when the city of Milwaukee began operating horse-drawn carts fitted with snowploughs. Even a light dusting of snow or ice could cause an aeroplane to crash, so airports erected snow fences around airfields to prevent snowdrifts, and began to maintain fleets of vehicles to clear runways in heavy weather. The expansion of the aviation industry also acted as a catalyst for the development ofWinter service vehicles during the early20th century. These vehicles can be ordered from manufacturers or an aftermarket third-party, and can be fitted with a specially designed gritting body, wheels, bumpers, replacement wheels, replacement headlamps, and retroreflectors.
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This page is based on the article Winter service vehicle published in Wikipedia (as of Dec. 07, 2020) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence.