War of the Bavarian Succession
The War of the Bavarian Succession was a dispute between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and an alliance of Saxony and Prussia over succession to the Electorate of Bavaria. It was the last of the old-style cabinet wars of the Ancien Régime in which troops maneuvered.
About War of the Bavarian Succession in brief
The War of the Bavarian Succession was a dispute between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and an alliance of Saxony and Prussia over succession to the Electorate of Bavaria. It was the last of the old-style cabinet wars of the Ancien Régime in which troops maneuvered while diplomats traveled between capitals to resolve their monarchs’ complaints. Both sides mobilized large armies, but the only fighting in the war was a few minor skirmishes. Thousands of soldiers died from disease and starvation, earning the conflict the name Kartoffelkrieg in Prussia and Saxony; in Habsberg Austria, it was sometimes called the Zwetschgenrummel. On 30 December 1777, Maximilian Joseph died of smallpox, leaving no children. Charles IV Theodore, a scion of a senior branch of the House of Wittelsbach, held the closest claim of kinship, but he also had no legitimate children to succeed him. His cousin, Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken, therefore had a legitimate legal claim as Charles Theodore’s heir presumptive. Charles August sought the support of Frederick, who was happy to challenge the Hapsburgs. France became involved to maintain the balance of power. On paper, many heads of state accepted the Prmatic Sanction and the idea of Francis of Tuscany as the next emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Two key exceptions, the key exceptions were the Duchy of Bavariah and the Grand Duchys of Lorraine and Saxonia. Francis relinquished Lorraine near France in exchange for the Grand.
Duchies of Tusany near Austria to make himself more appealing candidate for election as emperor. Charles VI arranged a marriage of his eldest daughter, Maria Theresa, to Francis of Loraine. When Charles died in 1740,Maria Theresa had to fight to fight for her family’s rights in Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia, and her husband faced competition in his election as his husband’s successor. The Treaty of Teschen, signed on 13 May 1779, was signed by Charles VI, Charles August, Frederick August III, and Catherine the Great. It established a line of succession that gave precedence to his own daughters over the daughters of his deceased older brother, Emperor Joseph I. Joseph II married his sister Maria Josepha in 1765 to strengthen any claim he could extend. His agreement with the heir, Charles Theodore, to partition the territory neglected any claims of the heir presumptive, CharlesAugust. Joseph’s agreement with Charles August neglected any claim of the heirs of Charles August to the German throne. Joseph I presented himself as a legitimate son-in-law of Joseph I as a successor to the imperial dynasty, and presented Charles August as legitimate heir presumptive to the title of Holy Roman Emperor, Prince Charles. The treaty was signed in 1779. The subsequent French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars differed in scope, strategy, organization, and tactics.