The uncanny valley is a hypothesized relationship between the degree of an object’s resemblance to a human being and the emotional response to such an object. Concept suggests that humanoid objects which imperfectly resemble actual human beings provoke uncanny or strangely familiar feelings of eeriness and revulsion in observers.
About Uncanny valley in brief
In aesthetics, the uncanny valley is a hypothesized relationship between the degree of an object’s resemblance to a human being and the emotional response to such an object. The concept suggests that humanoid objects which imperfectly resemble actual human beings provoke uncanny or strangely familiar feelings of eeriness and revulsion in observers. Examples can be found in robotics, 3D computer animations, and lifelike dolls. The uncanny valley hypothesis predicts that an entity appearing almost human will risk eliciting cold, eerie feelings in viewers. The name captures the idea that an almost human-looking robot seems overly \”strange\” to some human beings, produces a feeling of uncanniness, and thus fails to evoke the empathic response required for productive human–robot interaction. A number of theories have been proposed to explain the cognitive mechanism underlying the phenomenon. In 2011, researchers at University of California San Diego and California Institute for Telecommunications are measuring human brain activations related to uncanny valley. In one study using fMRI, a group of cognitive scientists found differences in brain responses for robots in parietal cortex, on both sides of the brain’s visual cortex.
The researchers say they saw evidence of evidence of conflict or conflict between the human-like appearance of an android and its robotic motion. The brain didn’t compute an android’s motion when the robotic motion and motion of the android was “lit up’”, they say. In other words, this a reaction to realism can be said to be evolutionary in origin. The study demonstrated that neither human-specific cognitive processes, nor human culture explain the uncanny Valley. The term was first translated as uncanny valley in the 1978 book Robots: Fact, Fiction, and Prediction, written by Jasia Reichardt, thus forging an unintended link to Ernst Jentsch’s concept of the uncanny, introduced in a 1906 essay entitled “On the Psychology of the Uncanny’”. Sigmund Freud in a 1919 essay entitled \”The Uncanny\”. Mori’s original hypothesis states that as the appearance of a robot is made more human, some observers’ emotional response becomes increasingly positive and empathetic, until it reaches a point beyond which the response quickly becomes strong revulsion. As the robot’s appearance continues to become less distinguishable from a humanBeing, the response becomes positive once again.
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This page is based on the article Uncanny valley published in Wikipedia (as of Dec. 31, 2020) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence.