Tropical Storm Allison
Tropical Storm Allison was a tropical storm that devastated southeast Texas in June of the 2001 Atlantic hurricane season. The storm developed from a tropical wave in the northern Gulf of Mexico on June 4, 2001, and struck the upper Texas coast shortly thereafter. It continued to the east-northeast, made landfall on Louisiana, then moved across the southeast United States and Mid-Atlantic. Along its entire path, Allison caused USD 8.5 billion in damage and 41 deaths.
About Tropical Storm Allison in brief
Tropical Storm Allison was a tropical storm that devastated southeast Texas in June of the 2001 Atlantic hurricane season. The storm developed from a tropical wave in the northern Gulf of Mexico on June 4, 2001, and struck the upper Texas coast shortly thereafter. Allison was the first storm since Tropical Storm Frances in 1998 to strike the northern Texas coastline. It continued to the east-northeast, made landfall on Louisiana, then moved across the southeast United States and Mid-Atlantic. Along its entire path, Allison caused USD 8.5 billion in damage and 41 deaths. It was the fourth-costliest Atlantic tropical cyclone and still the costliest Atlantic Tropical cyclone that was never a major hurricane. It became the first Atlantic tropical storm to have its name retired without ever having reached hurricane strength. The worst flooding occurred in Houston, where most of Allison’s damage occurred: 30,000 became homeless after the storm flooded over 70,000 houses and destroyed 2,744 homes. Inland, the storm rapidly weakened, and the National Hurricane Center discontinued advisories early on June 6. It is the only June storm to ever be downgraded from a hurricane to a tropical depression, though it was not as severe as Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Allison is considered an example of the “brown ocean effect” – a phenomenon that occurs when a storm remains tropical or subtropical for 16 days in a row. It has also been called the “most destructive tropical storm of all time” because of the damage it caused in Texas, Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
It also caused the deaths of 23 people and the destruction of more than 2,000 homes and businesses in Texas and Louisiana, as well as extensive damage in New Jersey and New York. It remains the most destructive June storm in history, and is the second most destructive in the Atlantic Ocean after Hurricane Katrina, which caused more than $1 billion in damage in 1998. It continues to be one of the most active tropical storms of the year, with winds of up to 60 mph (100 mph) in parts of the Caribbean and the Pacific Ocean. The last time Allison was so close to land, it was the most powerful tropical storm on record, with sustained winds of over 70 mph. It made landfall in Louisiana on June 3, 2001. It then drifted northward through the state, turned back to the south, and re-entered the Gulf ofMexico. On June 7, Allison weakened while nearing the Texas coastline, and hit near Freeport, Texas with 50 mph winds. While stalling over Texas, it dropped heavy rain, peaking at just over 40 inches in northwestern Jefferson County, Texas. This was the heaviest rainfall in the state since Hurricane Allison in 1998, which left over 40 inches of rain in some parts of Texas. Allison then drifted to a northward drift until reaching Lufkin, Texas, where it stalled due to high pressure due to its high pressure system.