Tropical cyclones in 2020
Throughout 2020, 131 tropical cyclones have formed in bodies of water known as tropical cyclone basins. Of these, 97 have been named by weather agencies when they attained maximum sustained winds of 35 knots. The strongest storm of the year so far was Typhoon Goni peaking with a pressure of 905 hPa and with winds of 315 kmh. The deadliest storm was Hurricane Eta which caused 189 fatalities and another 120 to be missing in Central America and the U.S.
About Tropical cyclones in 2020 in brief
Throughout 2020, 131 tropical cyclones have formed in bodies of water known as tropical cyclone basins. Of these, 97 have been named by weather agencies when they attained maximum sustained winds of 35 knots. The strongest storm of the year so far was Typhoon Goni peaking with a pressure of 905 hPa and with winds of 315 kmh. The deadliest storm was Hurricane Eta which caused 189 fatalities and another 120 to be missing in Central America and the U.S. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the response to tropical cyclones during the year. In the South Pacific island nation of Vanuatu, travel and social distancing restrictions associated with the pandemic were lifted for those seeking safe houses and evacuation shelters during Cyclone Harold. January was moderately active in terms of named storms and systems formed, however, no tropical Cyclones developed within the Northern Hemisphere. Adding considerable damage throughout the region, Tino brought heavy rainfall throughout the Pacific region, bringing considerable damage to the Kimberley region. As the month began, both Calvinia and Sarai were weakening and gradually dissipated over the next few days. A total of ten storms developed, with six named and had gale-force winds, while two of these named storms developed hurricane-force Winds and were classified as severe tropical storms. In September, NOAA confirmed that the environment shifted to a La Niña pattern, based on lower than normal water temperatures in the eastern Pacific Ocean near the equator.
The ENSO Blog estimated a 75% chance that LaNiña conditions would persist through the end of theyear, in part due to a strengthening Walker circulation. In April, the sea surface temperatures near theequatorial pacific began to cool well below average, indicating a developing La Niña. As a result, the ENSo Blog issued La Niño watch, stating a 50-55% chance of a strong La Nieno. In May, evacuation shelters were filled to half-capacity to comply with social distanced guidelines, requiring more evacuation centers to house refugees. In June, Tropical Storm Amanda formed in the southern Indian Ocean and caused heavy rainfall in the Philippines. In July, Hurricane Calvinia became the first storm to make landfall in the United States since Hurricane Katrina in 2005. In August, Hurricane Blake was the first named storm to form in the South Atlantic Ocean since Hurricane Jeanne in 2004. In October, Hurricane Mirabelle became the second named storm of 2020. In November, Hurricane Jose became the third named storm in the Atlantic Ocean. In December, Hurricane Esteban became the fourth named storm. In January, two named storms formed, including two subtropical cyclones in the South Atlantic Ocean and a tropical-like cyclone in the Mediterranean Sea. The month of January was the most active in El Niño terms in the Southern Hemisphere, but no tropical Cyclone systems formed. In February, two tropical cyclones formed, with two of them developing hurricane-force force winds.