The Philippines is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both within the single urban area of Metro Manila. The country has a variety of natural resources and a globally significant level of biodiversity.
About Philippines in brief
The Philippines is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both within the single urban area of Metro Manila. The Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit. The country has a variety of natural resources and a globally significant level of biodiversity. As of 2020, it is the 8th-most populated country in Asia and the 13th- most populated nation in the world. It is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to being based more on services and manufacturing. There is evidence of early hominins living in what is now the Philippines as early as 7,000 years ago. The oldest human remains found on the islands are from the Tabon Caves, Palawan, UTh-dated to 47,000 ± 11,000–10,000 BC. The first Austronesians reached the Philippines around 2,200 BC, among the earliest inhabitants of the archipelago’s earliest inhabitants, who were among the first migrations out of Africa via the coastal route. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the islands Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain.
Spanish settlement, beginning in 1565, led to the Philippines becoming part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic. Following liberation, the Philippines became independent in 1946. There is a small number of Cave Man bones from Callao potentially represent an otherwise unknown species that lived around 50,000 years ago to 67,000 years ago, that lived on the Caves of Palawan and Palawan islands. In 1896, the Philippine revolution began, which then became entwined with the 1898 Spanish–American War. Spain ceded the territory to the United States, while Filipino rebels declared the First Philippine Republic, which they maintained until the Japanese invasion of the islands during World War II. The United States maintained control over the territory until the end of the Second World War, when the Japanese took control of the territory. The U.S. and Japan share maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. The Philippines’ position as an island country on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the country prone to earthquakes and typhoons. It has a population of around 109 million people.