Thaddeus Stevens was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. He was one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s. Stevens’s last great battle was to secure in the House articles of impeachment against Johnson, though the Senate did not convict the President.
About Thaddeus Stevens in brief
Thaddeus Stevens was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. He was one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s. Stevens was born in rural Vermont, in poverty, and with a club foot, which left him with a permanent limp. He moved to Pennsylvania as a young man and quickly became a successful lawyer in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. After a brief flirtation with the Know-Nothing Party, Stevens joined the newly formed Republican Party, and was elected to Congress again in 1858. After the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in April 1865, Stevens came into conflict with the new president, Johnson, who sought rapid restoration of the seceded states without guarantees for freedmen. The difference in views caused an ongoing battle between Johnson and Congress, with Stevens leading the Radical Republicans. After gains in the 1866 election the radicals took control of Reconstruction away from Johnson. Stevens’s last great battle was to secure in the House articles of impeachment against Johnson, though the Senate did not convict the President. The circumstances of his departure and his subsequent fate are uncertain; he may have died at the Battle of Oswego during the War of 1812. Stevens died in 1874, and is buried in Pennsylvania’s Montrose Cemetery. He is survived by his wife, Sarah Stevens, and their four children, all of whom are now in their 80s and 90s.
His son, Thaddeus Jr., was a successful businessman and philanthropist, and served as a U.S. senator from Pennsylvania from 1875 to 1881. He died in 1973, at the age of 89, after a long battle with lung cancer. His daughter, Mary Stevens, is a well-known historian and author. She is the author of the book, “The American Civil War: A Biography of a Great Man, A Great Party, a Great Idea, and Other Writings by Thaddius Stevens” (2000). The book is published by Simon & Schuster, with a foreword written by John Sutter, Jr., and is available in hard copies for $25,000 ($100,000) and $50,000 (£75,000). It is also available in English and Spanish, with Spanish and German editions for $20,000 and $75,500. The first edition of this book was published in 1792. The second edition is published in 1813, and the second edition in 1814. The third edition is released in 1815, and includes a selection of his writings on the American Revolution, as well as his letters to the editor of The New York Review of Books. The fourth edition is issued in 1816, with an edition of the same name. The last issue of this volume is also published in the second volume, the volume of which is entitled, “American Revolution: An American Biography, Volume II, No. 1 (1792-1814). The third volume of the first edition, the issue of the third volume, volume II, is published on November 14, 1816.