The Texas Revolution was a rebellion of colonists from the United States and Tejanos in putting up armed resistance to the centralist government of Mexico. Only the province of Texas succeeded in breaking with Mexico, establishing the Republic of Texas, and eventually being annexed by the U.S. The annexation of Texas as the 28th state of the US, in 1845, led directly to the Mexican–American War.
About Texas Revolution in brief
The Texas Revolution was a rebellion of colonists from the United States and Tejanos in putting up armed resistance to the centralist government of Mexico. The revolution began in October 1835, after a decade of political and cultural clashes between the Mexican government and the increasingly large population of American settlers in Texas. Only the province of Texas succeeded in breaking with Mexico, establishing the Republic of Texas, and eventually being annexed by the U.S. After a failed attempt by France to colonize Texas in the late 17th century, Spain developed a plan to settle the region. From 1812 to 1813 anti-Spanish republicans and U. S. filibusters rebelled against the Spanish Empire in what is known today as the Gutiérrez–Magee Expedition during the Mexican War of 1813. They won many battles in the beginning and captured many Texas cities from the Spanish. The new Texas government and army met their doom in the Battle of Medina in August 1813, where 1,300 of the 1,400 rebel fathers were killed in battle or executed shortly afterwards by royalist soldiers. It was the deadliest single battle in Texas history, with 300 republican officials in San Antonio captured and executed by the Spanish royalist army. The annexation of Texas as the 28th state of the US, in 1845, led directly to the Mexican–American War. The Battle of San Jacinto was the last battle of the Mexican Federalist War, in which Santa Anna was taken hostage and ordered to retreat south of the Rio Grande.
Santa Anna fought in this battle and followed his superiors’ orders to take no prisoners. The Mexican Congress passed the Tornel Decree, declaring that any foreigners fighting against Mexican troops \”will be deemed pirates and dealt with as such, being citizens of no nation presently at war with the Republic and fighting under no recognized flag\”. The Mexican Army of Operations entered Texas in mid-February 1836 and found the Texians completely unprepared. On April 21, Houston’s army staged a surprise assault on Santa Anna and his vanguard force at theBattle of SanJacinto. The Texians were quickly routed, and vengeful Texians executed many who tried to surrender. In exchange for his life, Santa Anna ordered the Mexican army to retreatSouth of the river. Mexico refused to recognize Texas as a state, and intermittent conflicts between the two countries continued into the 1840s. In March 1836, a second political convention declared independence and appointed leadership for the new Republic ofTexas. In exchange, Santa Anna vowed to personally retake Texas, but he was killed in the battle of San Antonio de Béxar, killing almost all of the defenders in the Alamo. The Texas Revolution ended on March 31, 1836. The United States also claimed the land west of the Sabine River, all the way to the Rio Rio Grande, all-way to the Texas River, as part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, and the annexation of the state of Texas.