Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia is a sovereign country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis, who have historically inhabited the country’s north. Ethnic minorities are largely concentrated in the south.
About Somalia in brief
Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia is a sovereign country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has an estimated population of around 15 million and has been described as Africa’s most culturally homogeneous country. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis, who have historically inhabited the country’s north. Ethnic minorities are largely concentrated in the south. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic. Most people in the country are Muslims, the majority of them Sunni. In the late 19th century, Somalia was colonized by European powers, Britain and then Italy. In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government. The Supreme Revolutionary Council seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic, which collapsed 22 years later, in 1991, with the onset of the Somali Civil War. In 2006, the TFG assumed control of most of the nation’s southern conflict zones from the newly formed Islamic Courts Union (ICU) The ICU subsequently splintered into more radical groups, such as Al-Shabaab, which battled the TFGs and its AMISOM allies for control of the region. By mid-2012, the insurgents had lost most of territory they had seized, and a search for more permanent democratic institutions began.
A new provisional constitution was passed in August 2012, reforming Somalia as a federation. The same month, the Federal Government of Somalia was formed and a period of reconstruction began in Mogadishu. It is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, Non-Aligned Movement, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. The country has maintained an informal economy mainly based on livestock, remittances from Somalis working abroad, and telecommunications. It has been inhabited since at least the Paleolithic period. During the Stone Age, the Doian and Hargeisan cultures flourished here. The oldest evidence of burial customs in Somalia comes from cemeteries in Somalia dating back to the 4th millennium BCE. The wild Nile Valley dates back approximately 5,000 years, and has wild wild animals in wild. The earliest known cave paintings are found in the northern Dbalin region, which feature hunter-back depictions of a horse on a horse. Ancient mausoleum structures have been estimated to be around 2,500 years old, which collectively have an inscription below it, which has an inscription. Additionally, the towns of Las Khorey and Elyo in northern Somalia lies the Karinhee in northern Ayoyo in the Karinee region, collectively known as the “Mausolea of Karine” This is among the most probable locations of the fabled ancient Land of Punt. The toponym Somalia was coined by the Italian explorer Luigi Robecchi Bricchetti.